SEE THE BELOW
SERIAL KILLER BOYDEN GRAY
FAMILY TRADITON AND
OF CRIMINALLY INSANE LETHAL GRAY FAMILY EUGENICS:
RESULTS 176 FOR "GORDON GRAY" EUGENICS.
RESULTS 197 FOR "GORDON GRAY" EUGENICS.
THE GRAY FAMILY STERILIZATION BANDWAGON
BOYDEN GRAY CURSED FAMILY EUGENICS HOSPITAL
IN ADDITION SEE:
George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography:
Holocaust medical experiments sterilization:
SERIAL KILLER BOYDEN GRAY INFLICTED FORCE FOR CHANGE NYC HARMONIZATION DEPOPULATION PLAN PHASE 1 IS IN EFFECT VIA RUTHLESS, UNWARRANTED, DEFRAUD PUBLIC HEALTH LAW, MANDATING DEFRAUD INOCULATIONS TARGETING STUDENTS, JUST LIKE WHAT WAS DONE IN AFRICA. PLEASE READ PRESS RELEASE JUNE 9, 2008
Click here: RaidersNewsNetwork.com Breaking News, U.S., World, Science,
Clayland Boyden Gray
Clayland Boyden Gray acted as the chief legal officer to President George H.W. Bush (Tarpley and Webster 57). Gray’s personal history is replete with ties to the infamous eugenics movement. In 1946, Gordon Gray, Boyden’s father, would provide Birthright, Inc. with a new headquarters in North Carolina (57-58). Previously known as the Sterilization League of America, Birthright, Inc. was merely another appendage of the eugenics network that had become entrenched within the United States before the rise of Nazi Germany (57).
Needless to say, the revelations of the Holocaust constituted a public relations disaster for the eugenics movement. Thus, many eugenical organizations were forced to make some intensive cosmetic adjustments to their operations. The Sterilization League was one such case. First, the League had to change its name during World War II because of the emerging news of Nazi eugenical atrocities (57).
Then, the League was forced to decelerate a public revival in Iowa when an Iowan child died shortly after being medically sterilized (57-58). Gordon Gray and several other members of Boyden’s family would prove instrumental in helping the League overcome these setbacks.
Bowman Gray, Boyden’s grandfather, was the principal owner of R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. (58). Bowman’s position in the lucrative tobacco industry would provide Gordon with the necessary funds to establish a eugenics center in Winston-Salem (58). Gordon would invest his inheritance of cigarette stock shares in the founding of the Bowman Gray Medical School,where Dr. Claude Nash Herndon would act as assistant professor of "medical genetics" (58).
Herndon worked under the supervision of Gordon’s great aunt, Alice Shelton Gray (58). Alice was the founder of the "Human Betterment League," which was the North Carolina branch of the eugenics movement (58). Between 1946 and 1947, Miss Gray would oversee the Medical School’s bestial experiments in eugenical sterilization (58).
Among one of the Bowman Gray Medical School’s most notable staff members was none other than Dr. Clarence Gamble, heir to the fortune of Proctor and Gamble (58). Dr. Gamble would act as the national field operations chief in a sterilization campaign conducted by the North Carolina eugenical network. Tarpley and Chaitkin synopsize this sordid project:
All children enrolled in the school district of Winston-Salem, N.C., were given a special "intelligence test." Those children who scored below a certain arbitrary low mark were then cut open and surgically sterilized. (58)
As for local press coverage, all the major media organs were controlled by Gordon Gray, who owned the Twin City Sentinel, the Winston-Salem Journal, and the WSJS radio station (59). In regards to the issue of public relations, Dr. Herndon nonchalantly commented: "we had a very good relationship with the press" (59). Not a disparaging word was heard about the Bowman Gray Medical School or the ghastly eugenics project it was conducting.
BOYDEN GRAY 2007 DEFRAUD INOCULATIONS STRIKE AGAIN!
Center for Community Health
University of Rochester Medical Center
THE PRIMARY RESEARCHER, IN THE BELOW BOYDEN GRAY DOCUMENTED GENERATIONAL CURSED INDUCED DEADLY PATHOGEN CONTINUED DEFRAUD KILLING PROGRAMS, COMES OUT OF THE INFECTIOUS DISEASE DEPARTMENT. HE HAS ADVANCED HIS FATHER'S OPERATIONS BY PAY OFFS, EXPANSIONS, AND THROWING IN A FEW LEGITIMATE PEOPLE, BUT THE KEY PLAYERS ARE PAID, AWARE OF EUGENICS/HARMONIZATION PLANS AND THE GOALS OF THE PROGRAMS. THE BELOW BOYDEN GRAY DEFRAUD KILLING PROGRAMS SHOW TARGETS AND PROVIDE GREAT PROPAGANDA. LET THE WORLD WATCH BOYDEN GRAY IN HIS HARMONIZING DEFRAUD KILLING OPERATIONS
UNDER THE DISGUISE OF MEDICAL FACILITIES.
BELOW IS BOYDEN GRAY'S TOP RESEARCHER FOR THIS COMMUNITY HEALTH DEFRAUD PROGRAM. THIS RESEARCHER BRINGS TO THE TABLE, READILY AVAILABLE INFECTIOUS DISEASES.
1. BOYDEN GRAY’S TOP RESEARCHER IS LISTED BELOW
The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - January 1998, Vol...
SANDRA H. JEE, BA; CHRISTINE E. LONG, MPH; KENNETH C. SCHNABEL, MBA; NEERU SEHGAL, MD; LEON G. EPSTEIN, MD; CAROLINE BREESE HALL, MD ...
http://www.pidj.com/pt/re/pidj/toc.00006454-199801000-0... - 34k - Similar pages
The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - November...
Long term follow-up of children hospitalized with respiratory syncytial virus lower ... CHRISTINE E. LONG, MPH; KAREN Z. VOTER, MD; WILLIAM H. BARKER, MD; ...
http://www.pidj.com/pt/re/pidj/toc.00006454-1997... - 41k - Similar pages
EXPLAIN WHY AN INFECTIOUS DISEASE RESEARCHER HAS BEEN ASSIGNED TO A GENERAL PRACTICING MEDICAL OFFICE?
2. Click here: Search Results: BOYDEN GRAY
Center for Rochester's Health
About Rochester - a multi-media introduction to life in Rochester
ROCHESTER NEW YORK IS A WEALTHY CITY BUILT OFF OF BOYDEN GRAY’S INFILTRATED EUGENICS. THIS CITY HAS ONE OF THE HIGHEST EUGENIC INFESTATION RATES. ROCHESTER, NY IS WHERE SERIAL KILLER BOYDEN GRAY INITIATED HIS DEADLY EUGENIC PROGRAMS, INCLUDING INDUCED CANCER AND NOSOCOMIAL PATHOGEN ADMINISTRATION. THE UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER MEDICAL CENTER WAS HIS PRACTICE HOSPITAL. SINCE UNREGULATED, HE HAS EXPANDED HIS CRIMINALLY INSANE EUGENIC SCIENTIFIC OBSTRUCTIONS. HE NOW HAS DEADLY DEFRAUDED INOCULATION AND SCIENTIFIC OBSTRUCTION PROGRAMS OUT OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY, NEVADA, ALBERTA CANADA, AFRICA, AND A HOST OF OTHER PLACES. SEE THE EUGENICS 2008 SECTION. HE IS USING UNREGULATED MONEY AS AUTHORITY, JUST LIKE HIS FATHER, GORDON GRAY DID. GORDON GRAY, SERIAL KILLER BOYDEN GRAY’S FATHER FUNDED HIS CRIMINALLY INSANE HOSPITAL AND OPERATIONS IN NORTH CAROLINA WITH CIGARETTE MONEY. GRAY HAS FOLLOWED HIS FATHER' S FOOT STEPS BECAUSE HE HAS NOT BEEN ARRESTED YET. IT IS TIME THAT SERIAL KILLER BOYDEN GRAY IS ARRESTED FOR ALL OF HIS CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY. PLEASE VISIT THE OTHER SECTIONS TOO. PLEASE VERIFY THIS CRIMINAL INSANITY.
Center for Community Health
University of Rochester Medical Center
IN THE BELOW INSANE BOYDEN GRAY RETARDED, INSANE, CRIMINAL, DEFRAUD SCIENCE REPORT, BOYDEN GRAY'S TOP CRIMINAL RESEARCHER TRIES TO IMPLY AND CREATED SCIENTIFIC FRAUD TO SUBTERFUGE INDUCED DEFRAUD INJECTED INFECTIOUS DISEASE EFFECTUATED INDUCED DEFRAUD INJECTED SEIZURES. ONLY A RETARD COULD BELIEVE THIS BOTTOM BUCKET, DEADLY, BOYDEN GRAY STOLEN MONEY, RESEARCHER FRAUD AND SELL YOUR SOUL FOR MONEY, EUGENIC KILLER OPERATION. THE AUDACITY TO PRINT THIS DISGUISED KILLING CRIMINAL OPERATION IN A JOURNAL AT THE REALITY EXPENSE OF INDUCED DEADLY PATHOGENS ON THE MOTHERS AND CHILDREN REQUIRES THE LEAD ADMINISTRATOR BOYDEN GRAY AND HIS PSYCHOTIC, INHUMANE, ENTOURAGE TO BE ARRESTED! PLEASE NOTE AFTER THE INDUCED PATHOGEN DOCUMENTATION ARTICLE THE DEADLY PATHOGEN MOTHER VACCINATIONS ARE LISTED AS BIZ INBOYDEN GRAY'S NAME AND WEBSITE.
BOYDEN GRAY’S RESEARCHER'S DEADLY PROJECT FOR CHILDREN
Author: LONG Journal: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal Risk of recurrent seizures after a primary human herpesvirus 6-induced febrile seizure.
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 17(1):43-48, January 1998.
JEE, SANDRA H. BA; LONG, CHRISTINE E. MPH; SCHNABEL, KENNETH C. MBA; SEHGAL, NEERU MD; EPSTEIN, LEON G. MD; HALL, CAROLINE BREESE MD
Risk of recurrent seizures after a primary human herpesvirus 6-induced febrile seizure.
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 17(1):43-48, January 1998.
JEE, SANDRA H. BA; LONG, CHRISTINE E. MPH; SCHNABEL, KENNETH C. MBA; SEHGAL, NEERU MD; EPSTEIN, LEON G. MD; HALL, CAROLINE BREESE MD
Objective. To test the hypothesis that children experiencing first febrile seizures caused by human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) have an increased risk for recurrent seizures when compared with children experiencing first febrile seizures attributed to other illnesses.
Design and participants. Descriptive prospective study of 36 HHV-6 culture-positive children and a matched subgroup of 86 HHV-6 culture-negative children, all of whom had their first febrile seizures evaluated in a tertiary care emergency department and were followed for at least 12 months, with an average follow-up of 35.7 months.
Primary outcome measure. The recurrence of seizures among HHV-6 culture-positive and HHV-6 culture-negative children with no known previous neurologic deficits.
Results. A decreased incidence of recurrent seizures occurred in children whose first febrile seizures were caused by HHV-6. Twenty percent of HHV-6 culture-positive children and 40% of HHV-6 culture-negative children (P < 0.038) experienced a recurrent seizure within 1 year of their first febrile seizure. The mean time to recurrence within 12 months was 8.6 months for children with HHV-6 infection and 3.8 months (P < 0.001) for children without HHV-6 infection. Most recurrent seizures occurred within 12 months of a first febrile seizure for both HHV-6-positive and HHV-6-negative children (88 and 91%).
Conclusions. Children who had their first febrile seizures caused by primary HHV-6 infection did not demonstrate an increased risk for recurrent seizures when compared with children whose first febrile seizures were from other etiologies.
(C) Williams & Wilkins 1998. TARGETED CHILDREN ARE SET UP FOR INDUCED AND RECURRENT SEIZURES VIA EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT FIRST SEIZURE VIA DEFRAUD INOCULATIONS, GRAY, LABOWITZ, URBANSKI AND JONATHAN LIPPMAN STYLE! SEE THE BOYDEN CURSE SECTION.
PLEASE NOTE MANY OF THE LINKS AND PAGES HAVE BEEN OBSTRUCTED BUT THEY ARE ARCHIVED. I HAVE LEFT THE LINKS AND DEACTIVATED SOME TO KEEP FOR ARCHIVE RECORDING. THE BELOW LINKS ARE SOME OF SERIAL KILLER BOYDEN GRAY DEFRAUD INOCULATION AUDACITY ADVERTISEMENTS EXEMPLIFYING A BOLDFACED CRIMINALLY INSANE PSYCHOTIC FALSE PHENOMENON OF ABOVE THE LAW. HIS ARREST IS A MUST.
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Sponsored Results forBOYDEN GRAY
BOYDEN GRAY’S DEFRAUD INOCULATION
CONTINUED DISGUISED KILLING AND INDUCED DISEASE PROJECTS FOR
BOYDEN GRAY'S 2007
Racial and Ethnic Adult Disparities in
Immunization Initiative (READII)
About 7,000 African American seniors live in Monroe County, most in the city of Rochester. Despite several community interventions to increase adult immunizations, large disparities persist between blacks and whites. In 2001 71% of whites aged 65 years and over got influenza vaccine compared to 39% of blacks and 75% of whites versus 42% of blacks received pneumococcal vaccine. Racial and Ethnic Adult Disparities in Immunization Initiative (READII) involved office-based strategies to improve immunization rates among blacks, as well as culturally appropriate community education and outreach. The initial READII Rochester project ran from October 2002 through January 2005.
To increase influenza and pneumococcal immunization rates among African American seniors.
A Community Advisory Board (CAB) led the READII project and was responsible for designing and implementing a Community Action Plan. The CAB included representation from community based organizations and health care providers serving the inner city, a coalition of immunization service providers, and insurers, all of whom committed to improving adult vaccinations and eliminating disparities.
Using a 2-tiered approach, the Rochester READII project included:
A Primary Care Practice Intervention (PCPI) to translate proven office-based strategies (patient and provider prompts, reminder/recall and outreach) to community practices that serve African American seniors.
A Community Action plan providing education and outreach through community based organizations, the faith community, and a targeted media campaign. Staff from community organizations were trained to provide culturally appropriate adult immunization education and include vaccine information in their usual outreach.
The PCPI, the cornerstone of READII Rochester, was modeled on findings from best practices identified in a randomized, controlled trial to measure the impact of immunization coverage and utilization of other preventive services of 2 interventions designed to improve immunization coverage (Rodewald et al Pediatrics 1999; 103:31-8 and Szilagyi et al: Pediatrics 2002; 110 (5):e58) which eliminated racial and ethnic disparities in childhood immunizations. The key elements were those office-based strategies proven to have the greatest effect in improving immunizations: Tracking immunizations, patient and provider Reminders, and patient Recall and Outreach (TRO). Patients (n=4299) were randomized within each practice to intervention and control groups in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention in adults.
Seven urban health centers and hospital-based clinics in 8 locations participated. Four trained outreach workers, supervised by a senior social worker, were assigned to 2 or more practice settings where they used medical records to determine patients’ immunization status, and followed up with reminder letters, phone calls, and transportation assistance for people behind in influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations. Reminders to providers were placed in patient charts. Outreach workers tracked patients’ immunizations in a computerized database through which changes in rates were measured along with the amount of effort needed to effect National Partnership for Immunization
Addressing change in vaccine status. Practices received summary results from the project at the end of each influenza season.
Patients receiving the intervention were 10 times more likely to get pneumococcal vaccinations and 5 times more likely to get flu vaccine than those in the control group. By the end of the second year of the project, during which all patients got the TRO intervention, disparities were eliminated between black and white seniors, 79% of whom had pneumococcal vaccine. Analyses of final results for influenza vaccine in 2004-2005 and for cost effectiveness of the projectare in progress.
Christine E. Long, MPH, INFECTIOUS DISEASE SPECIALIST!
The Center for Rochester’s Health
601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 614 Rochester, NY 14642
WHAT IS AN ANALYSIS OF THE COST EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROJECT????? WHO ASKED FOR THE PROJECT? A PROJECT WAS CREATED TO KILL TO DEVELOP A COST EFFECTIVENESS ISSUE?????? THIS IS BEYOND INHUMANE!!!!!!!!!
PLEASE NOTE WITH THE BELOW LINK,
LIFE INSURANCE POLICIES ARE BEING ADVERTISED IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE DEADLY EXPERIMENT MANUFACTUERS NAME AND BOYDEN GRAY!
BOYDEN GRAY IS TEACHING DOCTORS AND MANUFACTURERS HOW TO TAINT A FEW VACCINES AND PUT INSURANCE POLICIES ON THE TARGETS AND MAKE A FEW QUICK HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS/BREAKTHROUGHS. SEE HIS MERCK STAFF DEVELOPMENT IN THE WTO AND BOYDEN 1 SECTIONS OF THIS WEB SITE.
BOYDEN GRAY'S GHOSTWRITING 1990
Experimental Measles Vaccine
MONEY LAUNDERING STYLE!
In June 1990, babies in Los Angeles California were used as human gunea pigs with a experimental measles vaccine called Edmonston Zagreb measles vaccine ( E-Z ).
From 1989 to 1991, Kaiser Permanente along with the L.A. County Department of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), injected over 700 "mostly minority" babies with unlicensed experimental vaccines with fraudulently-obtained consent from the parents.
To date, it is believed that most of the families affected by this secret experiment are not aware that their child was used as a human guinea pig or, if aware, are not alerted to the long-term health risks of this particular vaccination.
One of several vaccines used in the experiment, Edmonston-Zagreb, high-titer, had already achieved a notorious reputation overseas for triggering the death of numerous babies in closely controlled trials in the Third World. In particular, use of the vaccine had been closely associated with an increased death rate among infant girls in Senegal, Guinea Bissau and Haiti" before their second birthday.
At least one baby in the L.A. County experiment died within this same two year window. Reports of other immune and neurological problems are associated with the Kaiser Permanente victims.
When the final story is told, this could likely be one of the most scandalous affairs in the sordid history of human experimentation to rival or exceed that of the Nazis, the Tuskegee syphilis study or the DOE radiation exposure experiments.
If your child received a vaccine injection at one of three L.A. County Kaiser Permanente facilities between January 1990 and December 1991, you may be needed for a class action claim against Kaiser Permanente Foundation. The three hospitals at the center of the experiment were Kaiser East Los Angeles, Kaiser West Los Angeles (Cadillac) and Kaiser Inglewood.
ALSO, PLEASE VISIT:
The Bush Family Evil Empire is not a figment of the imagination.
BOYDEN GRAY'S FATHER, GORDON GRAY MANHATTAN PROJECT!
The Plutonium Files:
America's Secret Medical Experiments During the Cold War
By Eileen Welsome, Delacorte Press, 1999, 592 pages; $26.95
BOOK REVIEW BY: By R.C. Longworth
November-December 1999 pp. 58-61 (vol. 55, no. 06) © 1999 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
From April 1945 to July 1947, 18 men, women, and children were injected with plutonium by doctors working with the Manhattan Project. None of the subjects was told what was being done, and none gave informed consent. They were chosen because the doctors believed them to be mortally ill, although many lived for years, even decades, with the plutonium working its damage in their bodies.
The experiments were covered up for 40 years: When they became public, the government apologized but not a single doctor or hospital was publicly blamed. The plutonium injections ended after 27 months, having achieved little.
But other experiments, for the Manhattan Project and the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), continued into the 1970s. In Nashville, scientists at Vanderbilt University gave pregnant women radioactive cocktails. Prisoners in Oregon and Washington had their testicles radiated with neutrons. At the University of Cincinnati, nearly 200 patients were irradiated over a 15-year period. In Massachusetts, 74 boys at a Dickensian state school for unwanted or homeless boys were fed oatmeal laced with radioactive iron or calcium. The University of Chicago, one of the three sites for the plutonium injections, also fed solutions of strontium and cesium to 102 subjects with the assistance of Argonne National Laboratory. Again, no one told the victims what was going on, nor did anyone ask their consent.
The purpose of the experiments was to judge the effect of radioactivity on the human body. When they began, the Manhattan Project was close to exploding the first atomic bomb. Employees at Oak Ridge and Los Alamos worked with radioactive materials, yet no one knew the long-term effects of radiation on healthy people or on their genes and reproductive capacities. Experiments on animals were inconclusive and unsatisfactory. To protect the health of atomic workers, it was decided to begin human experiments.
In pursuit of this goal, many American doctors violated not only the Hippocratic Oath but the Nuremberg Code, American Medical Association guidelines, and U.S. government regulations. Crimes were committed and, in the end, damages paid, mostly to survivors. As late as 1985, body parts were being severed from cadavers, usually without the knowledge of the next of kin, for shipment to Los Alamos where they were analyzed for plutonium content. More than 15,000 human bodies were raided for this project, which was called Operation Sunshine. At a 1954 conference in Washington D.C., Willard Libby, winner of the Nobel Prize, lamented the shortage of bodies of persons, especially children, who had been exposed to radioactivity. "If anybody knows how to do a good job of body snatching," Libby said, "they will really be serving their country."
BUY THE BOOK!
PLEASE NOTE BOYDEN GRAY'S FATHER GORDON GRAY WAS THE LAWLESS LEADER OF THE MANHATTAN PROJECT, WHICH WAS USED TO COVER UP THE SATANIC RITUAL ABUSE BLOOD NEEDS!
The Sterilization League of America and Boyden Gray's Grandfather
These activities might be expected to cause serious objections from the victimized nationalities, or from U.S. taxpayers, especially if the program is somehow given widespread publicity. Quite aside from moral considerations, legal questions would naturally arise, which could be summed up: How does George Bush think he can get away with this? In this matter the President has expert advice. Mr. (Clayland) Boyden Gray has been counsel to George Bush since the 1980 election. As chief legal officer in the White House, Boyden Gray can walk the President through the dangers and complexities of waging such unusual warfare against Third World populations. Gray knows how these things are done.
When Boyden Gray was four and five years old, his father organized the pilot project for the present worldwide sterilization program, from the Gray family household in North Carolina. It started in 1946. The eugenics movement was looking for a way to begin again in America. Nazi death camps such as Auschwitz had just then seared the conscience of the world. The Sterilization League of America, which had changed its name during the war to `` Birthright, Inc., '' wanted to start up again. First they had to overcome public nervousness about crackpots proposing to eliminate `` inferior '' and `` defective '' people. The League tried to surface in Iowa, but had to back off because of negative publicity: A little boy had recently been sterilized there and had died from the operation.
They decided on North Carolina, where the Gray family could play the perfect host. Through British imperial contacts, Boyden Gray's grandfather, Bowman Gray, had become principal owner of the R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. Boyden's father, Gordon Gray, had recently founded the Bowman Gray (memorial) Medical School in Winston-Salem, using his inherited cigarette stock shares. The medical school was already a eugenics center.
As the experiment began, Gordon Gray's great aunt, Alice Shelton Gray, who had raised him from childhood, was living in his household. Aunt Alice had founded the `` Human Betterment League, '' the North Carolina branch of the national eugenical sterilization movement. Aunt Alice was the official supervisor of the 1946-47 experiment.
Working under Miss Gray was Dr. Claude Nash Herndon, whom Gordon Gray had made assistant professor of `` medical genetics '' at Bowman Gray Medical School. Dr. Clarence Gamble, heir to the Proctor and Gamble soap fortune, was the sterilizers' national field operations chief. The experiment worked as follows. All children enrolled in the school district of Winston-Salem, N.C., were given a special `` intelligence test. '' Those children who scored below a certain arbitrary low mark were then cut open and surgically sterilized.
In Winston-Salem and in Orange County, North Carolina, the field committee had participated in testing projects to identify school age children who should be considered for sterilization. The project in Orange County was conducted by the University of North Carolina and was financed by a `Mr. Hanes,' a friend of Clarence Gamble and supporter of the field work project in North Carolina. The Winston-Salem project was also financed by Hanes.
Hanes '' was underwear mogul James Gordon Hanes, a trustee of Bowman Gray Medical School and treasurer of Alice Gray's group>.... The first step after giving the mental tests to grade school children was to interpret and make public the results. In Orange County the results indicated that three percent of the school age children were either insane or feebleminded.... the field committee hired a social worker to review each case ... and to present any cases in which sterilization was indicated to the State Eugenics Board, which under North Carolina law had the authority to order sterilization....
PSUEDO AUTHORITY IS SATANIC ADMINISTRATION!
BY: M. SNYDER
PLEASE NOTE THAT DEFRAUD, CRIMINAL, UNAUTHORIZED, PSUEDO, FALSE, DECEPTIVE, ETC.. AUTHORITY IS NOTHING OTHER THAN INFLICTED, BOUGHT, PAID FOR , AUTHORITY TO INFLICT SATANISM. THIS IS SATAN'S WAY OF ATTEMPTING TO TAKE OVER EARTH AND THE HUMAN RACE. DEFRAUD AUTHORITY IS CALLED A SATANIC GOVERNANCE STRATEGY.
WHETHER YOU USE MONEY, A PERSON'S POSITION OR WHATEVER, YOU ARE UNDERMINING THE GOD CREATED WALLS OF AUTHORITY. ONCE THIS IS DONE, SATAN RULES AS EXEMPLIFIED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA RIGHT NOW!
UNSEEN RULERS AND UNAUTHORIZED AUTHORITY IS USED FROM NATION TO NATION, TO DUPE THE PEOPLE AND ENJOIN THEM IN THIS SATANISM, BECAUSE HAD THE UNAUTHORIZED AUTHORITY BEEN STOPPED FROM THE BEGINNING, IT WOULD NOT HAVE GOTTEN THIS FAR!
MONEY, POPULATION CONTROL, STERILIZATION PROJECTS, IQ TEST, ALL OF THESE THINGS ARE EXAMPLES OF PURE PROPAGANDA MAN MADE CREATED AUTHORITIES THAT INFLICT SATANIC GOVERNANCE AND ADMINISTRATION EFFECTIVELY. EACH WAS USED AND IS BEING USED TO OBSTRUCT GODLY WALLS OF PROTECTION, LAWS, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND PUBLIC PROTECTIONS.
SATANIC RITUAL ABUSE ADMINISTRATION IS BEING USED AS AUTHORITY TO INFLICT SATANISM IN GOVERNMENT AND ON GOD LOVING PEOPLE! THE ABOVE IS A PURE INFO WAR, PROPAGANDA, HORSE MESS TO COVER UP THE FACT THAT THE SATANISTS NEEDED INNOCENT BLOOD SHED TO DO THEIR RITUALS TO STAY IN POWER DEMONICALLY/WORLDLY! SO THEY CREATED, ALL OF THE MANEUR ABOUT STERILIZATION, EUGENICS, PROJECTS, WORLD TAKE OVER, ETC.. TO COVER UP THE FACT THAT THEY NEED LAWLESS BLOOD SHED TO USURP MAN'S POWER OVER SATANIC FORCES.
THEY HAVE INFLICTED A WORLD WAR AGAINST THE HUMAN RACE TO KEEP PEOPLE PITTED, FIGHTING, IN A STATE OF CONFUSION, TO NOT SEE THE REALITY, THAT SATAN IS TRYING TO TAKE OVER THE EARTH.
THEY NEED BLOOD SHED. THEY NEED EASY ACCESS TO THE CHILDREN, INNOCENT BLOOD, FOR THEIR RITUALS. THIS BLOOD IS CALLED A HUMAN SACRIFICE. IT IS USED IN EXCHANGE FOR WORDLY POWER. THE DEVIL USED THEM TO DO WHAT SATAN DOES, DEVOUR AND DESTROY!
THAT IS IT, NO IQ CONCERN, NO POPULATION CONTROL, NADA, PURE, TRASH BAG, SATANIC GREED FOR POWER AND CONTROL SACRIFICNG INNOCENT BLOOD. THEY NEED AND LIKE INNOCENT BLOOD AND HAVE TO CREATE MASTER DECEPTIONS TO HIDE THIS TRUTH. THEY ARE CRAZY, BUT BECAUSE OF THE UNREGULATED MONEY, THEY GOT AWAY WITH THIS PSYCHOTICNESS AND USURPED MAN'S AUTHORITY BY MEN SELLING THEIR SOULS TO COMMIT EVIL FOR THE MONEY.
BOYDEN GRAY HAS A GENERATIONAL CURSE AS EXEMPLIFIED THROUGH OUT AND THE CURSE MUST BE BROKEN THROUGH PRAYER AND WE THE PEOPLE BRINGING HIM TO JUSTICE FOR EACH AND EVERY MURDER AND INDUCED ATROCITY HE HAS INFLICTED UNIVERSALLY.
HE IS THE SATANIC MASTERMINDER. HE HAS STUDIED SATANISM PROFOUNDLY. HE DISCOVERED THAT SOME MEN WILL SELL THEIR SOULS FOR MONEY. CONSEQUENTLY, HE HAD TO FIND A WAY TO GET TO UNREGULATED MONEY. HE DID SUCH VIA THE US TREASURY. HE FOUND THAT AS LONG AS PEOPLE THINK SOMETHING IS AUTHORITY, THEY WILL OBEY IT. CONSEQUENTLY, HE HAD TO FIND A POSITION OF POWER TO USE AS A COVER UP TO CREATE DEFRAUD AUTHORITY. AS SUCH, HE ALIGNED HIM SELF WITH THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH. PLEASE NOTE HIS FATHER HAD ALREADY TAUGHT HIM HOW TO INFLICT SATANISM IN GOVERNMENT FROM THE HIGHEST LEVEL. HIS FATHER WAS A FORMER DEFRAUD PRESIDENTIAL ADVISER.
THE KEY ISSUE IN THE UNITED STATES IS AUTHORITY. WHOOSE AUTHORITY IS BEING USED TO GOVERN THIS COUNTRY? IF IT WAS ALMIGHTY GOD, WE WOULD NOT HAVE THE UNREGULATED KILLINGS TARGETING OF BABIES, AND THE MASSIVE AMOUNTS OF UNWARRANTED SHEDDED BLOOD.
NOTICE BELOW HOW THEY PSYCHOTICALLY PROGRESSED TO NEW BORNS. THEY INJECTED SOME BABIES AND KILLED SOME. THESE ARE DEMONS, BODY SNATCHERS, CHILD KILLERS, AND DEMONS FROM THE PIT OF HELL THAT MUST RETURN TO WHERE THEY CAME FROM. THIS EARTH BELONGS TO ALMIGHTY GOD AND THE CREATIONS HE HAS PUT HERE THAT ARE COMPELLED TO LIVE IN VICTORY WITH AUTHORITY OVER SATAN AND HIS RETINUE OF DEMONS VIA FOLLOWING GOD'S LAWS AND COMMANDMENTS. IT IS TIME BOYDEN GRAY COMES TO JESUS/JUSTICE AND THIS ORGANIZED CRIME NIGHTMARE ENDS! ORGANIZED CRIME IS BEING USED TO SUBTERFUGE SATANIC RITUAL ABUSE ADMINISTRATION VIA BOYDEN GRAY DEMON POSSESSION.
LET ME GIVE SOME EXAMPLES OF BOYDEN GRAY’S SATANISM. LOOK AT THE BELOW LINKS: AS OF 2/08 MANY OF THE LINKS AND PAGES HAVE BEEN OBSTRUCTED TO COVER UP SERAIL KILLER BOYDEN GRAY;S CRIMES AND KIL,
BOYDEN GRAY EUGENICS:
BOYDEN GRAY THE KILLER:
BOYDEN GRAY THE SERIAL KILLER:
BOYDEN GRAY THE SATANIST:
BOYDEN GRAY ORGANIZED CRIME:
BOYDEN GRAY INUCED DEADLY DISEASE:
BOYDEN GRAY INDUCED DEADLY DISEASES
BOYDEN GRAY INDUCED DEADLY
BOYDEN GRAY BOLD FACED OBSESSION/INSANITY WITH INDUCED AIDS PROGRAMMING AND ANALYSIS:
IS THE WAR REALLY ABOUT BOYDEN GRAY'S PSYCHOTIC POWER AND CONTROL SATANIC INDUCED VACCINATIONS ON MUSLIMS IN EXCHANGE FOR MONEY?
... HIV and Islam: is HIV prevalence lower among Muslims? Peter B. Gray*Department of Anthropology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, ...
BOYDEN GRAY PSYCHOTIC WORLD BANK CONTROL OVER COUNTRIES IN EXCHANGE FOR DEADLY PATHOGEN VACCINATION EVALUATIONS:
BOYDEN GRAY UNCOVENTIONAL PHARMACEUTICAL ACTIVISM IN AFRICA:
BOYDEN GRAY ILLUSIONARY, BUT LITERAL CANADIAN HEALTH CARE TAKE OVER FRAUD BASED SCRIPT TO ENFORCE DEADLY INOCULATIONS TARGETING THE MOST VULNERABLE POPULATIONS FIRST! CANADA WAKE UP!
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BOYDEN GRAY UNCONVENTIONAL, INSANE, 2007 STERILIZATION PROGRAM REPLICATIONS VIA INDUCED BOYDEN GRAY LABORATORY/CHAMBER CREATED (PENELOPE) PIG VIRUS DEADLY PATHOGENS.
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BOYDEN GRAY VIRGINIA PUBLIC DEFRAUD
PDF]DMINISTRATIVE EGULATORY AW EWS
electromagnetic spectrum worth billions of dollars ..... C. Boyden Gray. Washington, DC. 202/663-6000. Secretary. Cynthia A. Drew. Washington, DC ...
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READ THE FILES! BOYDEN GRAY IS A TRUE NUTCASE...
By Anthony and Denise Ji-Ahnte Sibert
Thanks to the persistence of reporter Eileen Wellsome of The Albuquerque Tribune, whose special report last November titled "The Plutonium Experiment" cracked open a decades long scandal of radiation experiments on unsuspecting citizens throughout the country, we are now seeing evidence of the atomic age horrors that so many in the scientific community and government knew but kept silent about. It is a collection of U.S. government sponsored guinea pig experiments. But there is also another sad fact: The experiments reveal a disturbingly large involvement of people of color, especially African-Americans.
Though it is clear that other reports of radiation tests on civilians--mainly poor, disadvantaged, or mentally impaired--during the Cold War were not limited to blacks only, they do show a continuing legacy of medical science using unsuspecting African Americans. There is little or no informed consent involved. This is nothing new as all African-Americans share a common medical/scientific history: Black lives are easily expendable. Thus it is no surprise that this bitter legacy has found renewal with the recent revelations of the Cold War radiation experiments.
E. Cooper Brown, Director of the National Committee of Radiation Victims, says, "It is my guess that all those experimented on with radiation will turn up to be at least 60 per cent people of color, with a large portion being African Americans." If this is indeed true, then African Americans will be part of yet another medical/scientific nightmare comparable to--and even surpassing--the Tuskegee experiments.
The Tuskegee experiments were a 40 year government sponsored medical study begun in 1932 that allowed 399 late stage syphilitic African American men to go untreated, even when safe and effective medical treatments were available in the 1940s. Also affected were 50 wives who were infected by their husbands and 20 children who were given the disease congenitally. When the study became public in 1972 after an expose by Jean Heller of the Associated Press, there was much public outcry with many in the black community saying the study already confirmed their suspicions of a governmental plan forgenocideof black Americans. Congress held hearings to investigate the study resulting in passage of the 1974 National Research Act which implemented stricter federal guidelines on research institutions using federal money and mandating institutional review boards to oversee research using human subjects-which are currently being violated on a grand scale.
As in the Tuskegee experiments, the radiation tests also show a very benign concern by the researchers for their black patients. When we interviewed Dr. Louis A. Gottschalk, Professor Emeritus of Psychiatry and Human Behavior at the University of California, Irvine, and author of the 1969 study "Total and HalfBody Irradiation," we asked him was there follow-up on the patients to see if any were still alive during 1969 (his study looked at 16 patients, 13 of which were black). He said, "These were terminal cancer patients. I was interested in just cognitive aspects--there were no follow-ups."
Lets examine what is currently known regarding the involvement of African Americans in the Cold War radiation tests:
The Cincinnati Experiments
Records revealed last January show that 61 African Americans were guinea pigs along with 12 others in a 12 year military study at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center designed to see how exposure to full- and partial- body radiation 10 times higher than normal would effect the body. After 60 days of exposure to the radiation (250 rads in one session), 25 of the patients died.
The tests were conducted from 1960 to 1972 by Eugene L. Saenger, an eminent radiological health specialist. Saenger knew something was wrong as he wrote a report to the Defense Department stating, "one can identify eight cases in which there is a possibility of the therapy contributing to mortality." Ironically, Saenger also serves as a key governmental witness on radiation lawsuit cases brought against the Department of Energy.
Dr. David S. Egilman has been researching the Cincinnati experiments for over ten years and did not mince words when he told us, "What they did was murder those black patients. And those researchers, Gottschalk and Saenger, as dirty as Mingele." Egilman testified on January 18 before the House of Representatives Energy and Power Subcommittee regarding the experiments and further contends that the tests were conducted with no informed consent and were not ethical at the time.
The Oakridge Experiment
On March 24, 1945, a 55-year-old black truck driver, Ebb Cade, was admitted to the U.S. Army Manhattan Engineer District Hospital in Oakridge, Tennessee for treatment of bodily injuries resulting from a car accident. The extent of his injuries were so severe that he was not expected to live. On April 10, 1945, documents show that he was injected with a significant amount of plutonium. Cade was the first patient out of 18--all of which the DOE has still not completely identified--to be injected with plutonium. He received 0.29 microcuries of plutonium 239, a dose equal to 1,030 rems or 41.2 times what the average person receives in a lifetime.
Dr. Karl Morgan, a physicist from the University of Chicago, who came to Oakridge in 1943 to work on the Manhattan Project, described in a letter to The Oakridger newspaper how Dr. Robert S. Stone--the doctor who injected the plutonium--discussed Cade's unsuspecting involvement and eventual disappearance from the hospital a few days later. Morgan writes: "Dr. Stone was particularly concerned because, as he said, this man was part of an experiment to determine the risk to man from exposure to plutonium. This poor `expected casualty' had suddenly gotten up out of his bed at the hospital and disappeared. I was upset and concerned when I heard about this human experiment because as described to me this black man was unconscious and not expected to live when he was injected with plutonium. I was disturbed for two reasons: One, the poor man could not possibly have given his consent to be a guinea pig and two, I was afraid he was selected for this experiment in part because he was black and it was unlikely any of his family would learn of the plutonium injection... "
Injecting Newborn Babies with Radioactive Iodide in Memphis
During 1953 and 1954, seven newborn babies--six of whom were black--were injected with radioactive iodide at the John Gaston Hospital, a now defunct public hospital in Memphis, TN. The study was conducted by Lester Van Middlesworth, now professor emeritus of physiology, biophysics and medicine at the University of Tennessee's College of Medicine. Middlesworth claims race was not a factor, telling the Albuquerque Tribune, "It [Gaston Hospital] was primarily a charity hospital and a large percentage of the charity internees were Black." Yet Middlesworth wrote in a 1954 report that the "use of radiation in the very young organisms is open to question." And in an interview with Tribune staff writer Eileen Welsome he says, "Naturally we hoped there was no damage." But he also reveals that he lost track of the babies and never did any follow-up on their health.
John Gofman, a leading scientist on the effects of low-level radiation and professor emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley put it plainly by saying the children would have an increased risk of getting cancer and "To do nothing is criminal..." To date officials have located the names of the babies involved (they would be in their late 30s now) and are in the process of contacting them, but DOE official Mike Gauldin admitted last December that his agency didn't "have any information about these specific experiments and don't know anything about them." Equally ominous is that five other similar experiments were carried out in Detroit, Michigan; Omaha, Nebraska; Little Rock, Arkansas; and Iowa City, Iowa, with a total of 235 newborns and older infants experimented on.
Creating and Cutting Blisters to inject Radioactive Mercury
For more than a decade, at least 300 African Americans, mostly female patients, were involved in 15 studies designed by researchers from Tulane University and Charity Hospital in New Orleans, Louisiana that subjected them to swallowing radioactive capsules, being injected with radioactive mercury into laboratory created blisters that were intentionally cut open, enduring 118-degree heat and intentional diarrhea. Supposedly the studies were designed to see the effect of mercury for people with congestive heart failure. But the 300 black patients did not have the disease. Officials at the hospital claim the patients volunteered.
Elmer Allen was an African-American Pullman porter who, because of a freak accident on a train, injured his leg which was diagnosed first as a fracture, then a lesion, and finally bone cancer. The treatment recommended was amputation. But on July 18, 1947, at the University of California Hospital at San Francisco, three days before his leg was amputated, Allen received an injection of plutonium 238 in the muscle of his leg. Though his injection of plutonium was a smaller dosage than the other 18 plutonium subjects, Allen's plutonium 238 dosage is considered "hotter" as it is more radioactive than plutonium 239. Further, due to Allen's amputation, approximately half of the plutonium 238 stayed in the remaining part of his leg resulting in his receiving six times the radiation for the average person. Allen was the last subject of 18 people injected with plutonium during the 1940s.
Officials who designed the study say that Allen was informed about the experiment and signed a consent form allowing them to make the plutonium injection, but a 1974 follow-up investigative study by the Atomic Energy Commission found that patients were not told plutonium was being injected into their bodies (Allen was told he was receiving a radioactive substance), relatives were not properly informed for requests to exhume bodies, and long-term survivors such as Allen, who lived decades after the injections, were not properly informed in 1973, the reason they were part of a follow-up study.
Denial of health insurance coverage on Sick Cell
During the late 1960s and early 1970s, the government sponsored genetic screening and counseling for those who had sickle cell anemia, a disease that mainly affects African Americans. The program was stopped due to the African American community's suspicions and lack of participation. Its easy to see why: Some insurance companies were requiring their African American customers to take tests for sickle cell anemia. If they refused to take the test or tested positive, insurance coverage was denied.
Brain Surgery on African American Children
It was common practice in the early 1970s for Dr. O.J. Andy, a neurosurgeon in Mississippi to perform thalamotomies (a type of brain surgery that destroys part of the thalamus, an organ that analyzes sensations and governs feelings) on African American children who were termed aggressive and hyperactive. Some of the operations were performed on children as young as six.
Biomedical Control and Violence Centers in the Inner City
During the wave of urban uprisings in the 1960s the National Institute of Mental Health and the Justice Department funded research that looked into ways biomedical controls (i.e., brain surgery, genetic theories of violence prediction and control, behavior modification, to name a few) could be used to curb violence in the inner city--the black community. Moreover, according to Breggin, "Three Harvard professors...made the startling proposal that psychosurgery (brain mutilation) could be used to control not only urban rioters but some black leaders who allegedly suffered from brain damage and dysfunction." Proposals were also discussed in Congress for a "series of violence centers throughout the United States."
Dr. Frederick Goodwin and "Cities as Jungles."
In February of 1992, Dr. Frederick Goodwin, then head of the U.S. Health and Human Services Department's Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health administration, speaking at a meeting of The National Mental Health Advisory, made a series of remarks that rankles black health professionals to this day.
According to Goodwin, youth violence was his "number one priority" and went on to say that his department would be looking into areas for controlling violence such as using drugs, biological markers through brain imaging, early detection and prevention, looking at genetic detection of violence and aggression through family studies, and so on. But the clincher came when he explained that the inner city had lost "some of the civilizing evolutionary things..." therefore... "It isn't just a careless use of the word when people call certain areas of certain cities jungles. ." And, like adding salt to a wound, Goodwin then talked about "hyperaggressive monkeys who kill each other are also hypersexual..."
Though Goodwin was later "demoted" to a position heading the National Mental Institute of Health, fears multiplied as here was the nation's leading psychiatrist talking about a violence prevention project that would be part of a larger $400 million federal research program. The program has been shelved due to the controversy, and Goodwin rarely makes public appearances (he was forced to cancel a Los Angeles speech this past November because of protests), but he is still head of the NIMH and many questions regarding the direction and implementation of the various research projects under the umbrella of the Violence Initiative go unanswered.
In a January 31 Nation column Alexander Cockburn cites even more grim experiments on black people that was made public due to a Church of Scientology F.O.I.A. request during the 1970s. Cockburn describes a 1960 Army Chemical Corps experiment where misquitoes with yellow fever and dengue fever were dispersed in Savannah, Georgia and Avon Park, Florida. According to Cockburn, "Carver Village, which was exclusively black, was the target for these experiments. Residents at the time reported fevers, bronchitis, typhoid, encephalitis, stillbirths, also mysterious deaths."
From 1953 to 1958 Dr. Harris Isbell, of the National Institute of Mental Health Addiction Research Center, ran experiments giving black patients LSD. Cockburn quotes Dr. Isbell as writing: "The degree of rapport attained so far is not as great as we expect with white subjects. In all probability this type of behavior is to be expected with patients of this type. Perhaps the drug will break down some of the barriers. "
In 1951 the U.S. Army secretly contaminated the Norfolk Naval Supply Center and one ship with infectious bacteria. Cockburn again: "One of the bacteria types was chosen because blacks were more susceptible to it than whites."
The reader may sympathize with what we have presented so far and actually agree with our point regarding the racist reality African Americans have faced with medical research, yet still feel that effective safeguards are now in place so that the aforementioned atrocities can no longer happen. Moreover, one might also feel that whereas the issue of informed consent was a highly questionable practice 50,40, or even 30 years ago, surely it is not an issue now. Unfortunately this is not the case.
Space does not allow us to discuss in detail the current abuses that are making news, but a brief outline will show that racist medical research and practices thrives as much--if not more--today as it did in the past:
Last January it was learned that the federal government has launched a civil rights investigation into a drug testing program at a hospital located at the Medical University of South Carolina at Charleston. According to reports in the New York Times, hundreds of pregnant black women were tested for drugs without their consent and then threatened with jail unless agreeing to sign up for a drug treatment program.
The program was designed to force drug-addicted women who are pregnant to stop taking drugs. In a few cases documented in a human experimentation complaint sent to the National Institute of Health by the Center for Reproductive Law and Policy in Manhattan, some of the women who refused treatment were arrested, handcuffed and/or leg-shackled to their hospital beds. The Times also said the complaint documents that the .".hospital failed to get approval for the program from the institute's Institutional Review Board, a requirement for the experiments.
The hospital receives Federal financing, and in return agrees to report all experiments, and obtain approval from the review board before undertaking them. Doctors in the programs took data, set up control groups and published their results in a medical journal without getting approval from the women or from the review board "
Last November brought news of a medical study that documented black women who have hysterectomies have a far greater risk of hospitalization and of dying than white women. The study was the result at looking at over 50,000 hysterectomies in hospitals in Maryland from 1986 to 1991. After accounting for age, hysterectomy technique, severity of other medical conditions and other factors, black women still had a 40 per cent greater risk of complications of infections and unexplained fever than white women.
In a January issue of the American Journal of Public Health a study documents that pregnant black women were 20 per cent more likely than pregnant white women to report not being told by their doctors to stop smoking and 30 per cent more likely not being told to quit drinking. The study was authored by Dr. Kotelchuck and looked at racial disparities in prenatal care. Since black babies die twice as much as white babies before their first birthday, the study documents an astounding lack of good prenatal counseling given to black women, especially since drinking and smoking during pregnancy is well known to contribute to low birth weight, a definite risk factor.
In 1988 more than 200 black women were given Dilantin, a drug used to treat epilepsy, without their consent or knowledge. The doctors who gave the drug were studying its effect in women who were having cesarean section deliveries. So far no ill effects have been discovered to the pregnant women or their babies.
In 1984 researchers published a study in the Journal of Public Health documenting the lack of informed consent for Sickle Cell tests performed in Maryland. Out of 52,000 persons screened for Sickle Cell Anemia in 1980, 13,000 were screened without their consent. Sickle Cell Anemia is a disease that primarily affects African-Americans.
The end of the Cold War is proving only the beginning for the new war at home for shedding light on questionable scientific practices that, as many are now only reluctantly admitting, are as bad as anything the Nazis scientists and doctors did. Yet the Cold War radiation experiments along with all the other known and unknown experiments are just one more part of the sad history of Africans and African Americans where the medical profession forgets it's basic tenet: Do no harm; the Scientific establishment conveniently forgets informed consent; and our government funds medical and scientific research that harms and murders innocent and unsuspecting civilians in the name of "National Security. "
THE RADIATION STORY
NO ONE WOULD TOUCH
by Geoffrey Sea
Sea is an Oakland-based writer, radiological health physicist, and international activist on radiation issues. He is the founder and director of In Vivo: Radiation Response and the Atomic Reclamation and Conversation Project of the Tides Foundation, and a co-founder of IRIS: International Radiation Injury Survivors.
Suddenly, at the close of 1993, the public was bombarded with "news" about the feeding of radioactive substances to pregnant women and mentally retarded students, about the unethical irradiation of workers, soldiers, medical patients, and prison inmates, and about the government's own internal fears that these experiments had "a little of the Buchenwald touch." But the story that appeared in The Albuquerque Tribune (circulation: 35,000) on November 15-17, and was then projected into the national headlines by the forthright admissions and initiatives of Secretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary, was hardly new.
By 1984, activists and researchers across the country were systematically investigating the human experimentation program and attempting to bring it to public attention. By 1986, documentation of the program was massive, solid, and publicly available.
I am among those who persistently tried to get national media coverage of this outrageous example of government wrongdoing. To say that the media were reluctant to listen would be an understatement. The fact is that, for more than a decade, documentation was ignored and facts were misreported.
What follows is a chronology of significant events in the strange history of this important story -- one that began to receive adequate coverage only after almost all the victims were dead and most of the perpetrators retired:
1971: The Washington Post reveals that a research team at the University of Cincinnati, under the leadership of Eugene Saenger, has been irradiating "mentally enfeebled" patients -- all of them poor and most of them black -- at dose rates known to have harmful effects. The aim of the research, funded by the Department of Defense: to discover whether and under what conditions soldiers on an atomic battlefield would be cognitively imparied.
A review panel is established at the University of Cincinnati. However, the ethical issues are subordinated to the relatively technical question of the mechanism for obtaining consent. The experiments continue. No one seems to consider the obvious ethical problem involved in extracting "informed consent" from patients selected because of their "low-educational level . . . low-functioning intelligence quotient . . . and strong evidence of cerebral organic deficit." The researchers claim that the patients "benefit" from the radiation exposure, despite the fact that the radiation far exceeds recommended therapeutic doses, that the treatments are not intended to have a therapeutic effect, and that, in Saenger's own estimation, eight patient deaths could possibly be attributed to the "treatments."
1972: The researchers quietly end their experiments when evidence of harmful effects begins to mount. After a cursory review by the American College of Radiology, no one bothers to reopen the case for public scrutiny. No attempt is made to monitor the health of the surviving experimental subjects.
1975: Following revelations of army-sponsored LSD experiments, Senator Edward Kennedy chairs hearings on human experimentation funded by the Department of Defense and the Central Intelligence Agency. Radiation experiments, however, are not mentioned either in the hearings or in media coverage.
1976: Science Trends, a newsletter published in the National Press Building in Washington, D.C., reveals an experiment carried out in San Francisco, Chicago, and Rochester, New York, as part of the Manhattan Project, that "involved the injection of relatively massive quantities of bomb-grade plutonium into the veins of 18 men, women, and children." The article implies that the experiment was an isolated historical case, and concludes: "Whether injecting the key ingredient of the atomic bomb into unsuspecting patients can be equated with Nazi wartime experiments is a matter which is today considered moot."
1981: The case of Dwayne Sexton, irradiated as a child as part of NASA-sponsored research aimed at discovering the potential effects of radiation exposure on astronauts, gains fleeting attention when the mother of the child links the death of her son to the experiments. Mother Jones runs a cover story on the Sexton case. Albert Gore, then a young congressman from Tennessee, where the experiments had taken lace, follows up with hearings on the Oak Ridge Total Body Irradiation Program. Neither the article nor the hearings links the Sexton case with the Saenger experiments or with the broader program of human experimentation with radiation.
Early-1980s: A network of activist-researchers starts to compile the full and extensive record of U.S. radiation experiments on humans.
* In Cincinnati, Ohio, Dr. David Egilman of the Greater Cincinnati Occupational Health Center and I are investigating experiments conducted on nuclear workers and following the trail of the Saenger experiments. At the time, I am employed as a health consultant by the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers Union and the Fernald Atomic Trades and Labor Council. The unions are concerned about the intentional radioactive contamination of workers' skin as a means of testing external cleansing agents and about the continuing use of workers as experimental subjects in the development of chelation drugs to treat internal exposure to radioactive heavy metals.
In the course of pressing claims for worker's compensation, we discover that the AEC/DOE has secretly contracted with local hospitals and coroners for the collection of fluid and tissue samples, surgically removed organs, and autopsy specimens -- in some cases, whole cadavers of atomic workers. Some of these specimens are being taken and destroyed by the government, often without the knowledge or against the expressed wishes of the workers and/or their survivors.
We suspect that this "body-snatching" program serves a dual purpose: it helps the government accumulate data for military purposes, while at the same time it results in the destruction of physical evidence that could support compensation claims. Finally, we are concerned that Dr. Saenger has become the chief consultant and expert witness for the government in defending itself and its contractors against liability suits.
* In California, Dorothy Legarreta, who had worked on the Manhattan Project as a laboratory technician, organizes the National Association of Radiation Survivors (NARS) and starts to write a book about human experimentation. In 1982, while examining the papers of Joseph Hamilton -- the scientist in charge of radiation experiments at the University of California -- at the library of the University of California at Berkeley, she comes across a 1950 memo written to Shields Warren, then director of the Atomic Energy Commission's Division of biology and medicine. The memo advised that large primates -- chimpanzees, for example -- be substituted for humans in the planned studies on radiation's cognitive effects (the very same program of experimentation that Dr. Saenger was to execute). The use of humans, Hamilton wrote, might leave the AEC open "to considerable criticism," since the experiments as proposed had "a little of the Buchenwald touch."
After Legarreta finds the so-called Buchenwald memo, Hamilton's papers are removed from public access by University of California administrators. Soon after this, Legarreta files a Freedom of Information Act request with the Department of Energy, asking for all documents concerning experiments in which humans were intentionally exposed to radioactive materials through injection or ingestion. Later that year, NARS receives a two-foot-high carton of documents in response -- documents that, for the first time, expose the widespread human experimentation program of the U.S. government.
* In Missouri, Dotte Troxell is trying to document her own horrific experience and to demonstrate the bonds that unite all experiment survivors. In 1957, while working at the AEC's Kansas City plant, run by Bendix, she had been involved in a serious radiation accidnet. When the symptoms of acute radiation syndrome began appearing (hair loss, nausea, purpura, and hemorrhaging), she was sent to the Lovelace Clinic in New Mexico, a clinic established by the AEC for developing treatments for radiation injury.
Because Troxell was thought to be near death, and presumably because she had been exposed to a Cobalt-60 calibration source that allowed the dose to her organs to be precisely determined, the doctors at Lovelace did exploratory surgery on her, probably to obtain tissue biopsies from her internal organs. When she awoke from surgery and asked what had been done to her, the doctors said they could not tell her for "national security" reasons. After suffering radiogenic cataracts in both eyes and giving birth to a son with congenital diabetes, Troxell founds VOTE: Victms and Veterans Opposed to Technological Experimenation.
* In Knoxville, Tennessee, Clifford T. Honicker and Jacqueline Kittrell are investigating the human experimentation program at the DOE's nuclear complex at Oak Ridge. They locate and begin to analyze the papers of Stafford Warren, who had been medical director of the Manhattan Project and who subsequently directed the Oak Ridge medical program. Those of Warren's papers that are obtained, including classified documents and medico-legal files, provide a clear picture of the origins of the government's human experimentation program, as well as of the government's policy of denying compensation to radiation survivors. Honicker and Kittrell found the Radiation Research Project, which later becomes the American Environmental Health Studies Project.
Mid-1980s: Our network has accumulated enough documentation on the human experimentation program to go public. We do so at press conferences held in Cincinnati (November 1984), Knoxville (May 1985), Kansas City (May 1986), and Berkeley (July 1986). At each of the last three conferences, Hamilton's Buchenwald memo is released to the press, but no mainstream paper mentions it.
1985-86: In contract talks, the labor council representing workers at the DOE's Fernald, Ohio, uranium plant demands disclosure of all human studies involving uranium and plutonium, as well as information about toxic releases to the environment, use of atomic workers as experimental subjects, and the body-snatching program. Rather than release this information to the labor council, DOE officials contact the AFL-CIO leadership and threaten to close the plant if labor will not honor its "national security obligations." Frank Martino, president of the International Chemical workers Union, writes to Paul Burnsky, president of the AFL-CIO Metal Trades Department, calling for an end to "continued efforts to represent the community" -- a reference to the council's attempt to obtain information from the DOE through collective bargaining. The unions back off on their demand for information and abruptly terminate my employment. Dr. Egilman is instructed to stop all radiation-related work. He chooses instead to resign.
Dr. Egilman and I decide that now is the time to take everything we have and give it to The New York Times. Dr. Egilman gives the Buchenwald memo to Times reporter Matthew Wald, a college acquaintance. But no article appears in 1985, and there is no word from the Times. I contact Times reporter Stuart Diamond, describe the outlines of the story, arrange a meeting, assemble a stack of documents, and fly to New York. Diamond and I meet at a restaurant at La Guardia Airport. After reviewing the documents, including the Buchenwald memo, he says he will come to Ohio and look into the story.
On January 28, 1986, the date of Diamond's intended arrival, I am working at my desk with the television turned on but the sound off, as I often do. I am distracted at one point by a striking picture on the TV screen: a beautiful white plume of smoke unfurling against the azure sky. It is the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger. Within the hour Diamond calls to say that he will be investigating the Challenger disaster -- and thus won't becoming to Ohio any time soon. He tells me to wait until he's done with the Challenger story. I wait for three months.
On April 26, the number three unit at the Chernobyl nuclear energy station explodes, and melts down. Diamond leaves to cover the accident. I leave Cincinnati and head for Kansas City, where, on May 5, Dotte Troxell and I hold a press conference. We say that U.S. criticism of Soviet secrecy on Chernobyl is hypocritical and call on the U.S. government to release all data on human experimentation. In our press release we attack the credibility of Dr. Saenger -- who has quickly been hired to advise the U.S. government on Chernobyl's impact on U.S. personnel stationed in Europe and has become the media's authority on Chernobyl's health effects.
Our press release also details the U.S. human experimentation program "that has, at various times, included the exposure of prisoners, mental patients, terminal cancer patients, and paid volunteers to 'non-therapeutic' radiation doses . . ." Again, we show the Buchenwald memo to the press. The press responds with silence. A number of us start working our congressional contacts. Cliff Honicker, Dorothy Legarreta, and I all had a close working relationship with the House Subcommittee on Energy Conservation and Power when it had been under the chairmanship of Representative Richard Ottinger of New York. Near the end of his tenure, Ottinger had authorized a full-scale staff investigation into the DOE's human experimentation program.
By 1986 chairmanship of the subcommittee has passed to Edward Markey of Massachusetts. Eager to see some result of the investigation, we press the subcommittee to go public inhearings and a report. No hearings are held -- a curious fact given the magnitude of the issue -- but in October the staff issues its report. "American Nuclear Guinea Pigs: Three Decades of Radiation Experiments on U.S. Citizens." Markey simultaneously issues a press release that states: "The purpose of several experiments was actually to cause injury to the subjects . . . American citizens thus became nuclear calibration devices for experimenters run amok."
The Markey report, which contains all the relevant facts that would be treated as major revelations seven years later, results in minor and often misleading news stories in several papers. The New York Times's Matthew Wald extracts a single strand from the ninety-five-page report -- news that some of the releases of radioactive iodine from the Hanford, Washington, nuclear facility had been intentional -- and turns it into a story that runs on page A-20. The other ninety-plus pages of the report, which deal with unethical clinical experiments, are downplayed in a small, unbylined piece headed VOLUNTEERS AROUND U.S. SUBMITTED TO RADIATION. Contrary to the Markey report and to fact, the headline and article imply that all subjects had volunteered for the experiments and that they knew they were subjected to radiation. Neither article mentions the Buchenwald memo.
Of all the papers that come to our attention, only The Daily Californian, the student newspaper at the University of California at Berkeley, points up the Buchenwald memo. In a piece titled "At Buchenwald and Berkeley," editor-in-chief Howard Levine quotes from the November 28, 1950, memo by Dr. Hamilton and incisively criticizes reporting on the Markey report by the San Francisco Chronicle and The New York Times. Both papers, he writes, "minimized the gross inhumanity of these tests by downplaying their scope and ignoring the fact that most of the experiments were conducted without the 'informed consent' demanded by the Nuremburg protocols of 1946-47."
1987: Eileen Welsome of The Albuquerque Tribune starts looking into the plutonium-injection experiment, after coming across a footnote about it in a report on animal experimentation at the Air Force Weapons Laboratory at Kirtland Air Force Base in New Mexico.
1988: Dorothy Legarreta is killed in a mysterious car crash, reminiscent of the death of Karen Silkwood. Legarreta's briefcase -- listed on the accident report as being found -- is missing. The tow-truck driver says that the solid aluminum case was discarded because it was badly damaged,, though such an action would be against the law. I was working with Legarreta just prior to herdeath and know that her briefcase contained a file titled "hot docs" -- formerly secret documents that she and I had culed from government papers obtained through a class action lawsuit by veterans who had been intentinoally exposed to atomic blasts and radiation while in the service.
1989: On November 19, The New York Times Magazine publishes an article by Cliff Honicker titled "The Hidden Files." The subtitle reads: "In 1946, a Nuclear Accident Killed One Scientist and Injured Several Others. The Government Response to That Tragedy Established a Pattern of Secrecy That Still Exists." Based in large part on the files Honicker had discovered five years earlier, the closely focused article does not deal with the government's years-long human experimentation program and its origins.
1991: 60 Minutes airs a segment on the government's body-snatching program. In his introduction to the January13 segment, Harry Reasoner says: "In the case of the men and women who have worked in this country's nuclear-weapons industry, the government is apparently wiling to go to any lengths to defeat workers' claims that they were injured or killed by exposure to radiation -- any lengths, including falsifying records, concealing evidence, even trying to steal human remains . . ." Oddly, according to the segment's producer, one of the most powerful interviews -- with a courier who arranges for the shipment of body parts to Los Alamos and who was present at a secret autopsy at which body parts were removed without the knowledge or consent of the family --winds up on the cutting room floor.
Meanhwile, Jackie Kittrell and Cliff Honicker have been combing the hills of Tennessee, trying to track down women who, while pregnant, had been unwitting subjects in radioisotope ingestion studies decades earlier. Since some of the initial recruitment for the experiments had been through classified ads placed in newspapers in remote Appalachian towns, Jackie and Cliff try, repeatedly, to get the same papers to run articles describing the experiments and asking the women to come forward on a confidential basis. They try to persuade the Nashville Tennessean to run such articles because one of the largest experiments, involving more than 800 pregnant women, took place at Vanderbilt University, in Nashville. At least one reporter -- Carolyn Shoulders at The Tennessean -- proposes articles about the experimentation program to her editors, but no proposal meets with approval.
1992: In May, frustrated by the feeling that we are shouting in the wind, Dotte Troxell announces that she will begin a hunger strike in July, which she says she will continue until death unless the government releases all data on the experiments and provides care for all survivors. She says she prefers death "on her own terms" to a slow, quiet death preceded by the intensifying pains of her radiation injuries and she wants to use the hunger strike to help establish a union called IRIS: International Radiation Injury Survivors. But, fatigued and under the influence of pain-killing drugs, she dies in a tractor accident in late-May.
She leaves behind the text of an intended final speech in which she asks to be cremated so that "the perpetrators of cruel and barbaric experimentation" will be denied "the knowledge they seek." She also for gives all those in the government, the public interest community, and the media who continue to "ignore our plight, for they know not -- they were not on shipboard in the nuclear Pacific tests or in the trenches in Nevada, nor are they with the veterans in VA hospitals . . ."
1993: In mid-November, The Albuquerque Tribune publishes EileenWelsome's three-part series, "The Plutonium Experiment." In late-December, a decade after Kittrell and Honicker alerted the paper to the story -- The Tennessean finally publishes an article about the Vanderbilt experiment and its medical follow-up study.
Emma Craft, who had never known that she had been fed radioactive iron in the 1940s, reads a detailed description of the 1958 death by cancer of an unnamed eleven-year-old girl whom she recognizes as her daughter.
1994: Craft, along with a handful of other women who have learned through The Tennessean that they had been experimental subjects, files a class action lawsuit against a long list of defendants, led by Vanderbilt University. (I sign on as a radiation expert with the law firm representing the women and surviving children.)
Acting as if the recent "revelations" are news to him, John Herrington, Secretary of Energy in the Reagan administration and now vice-chairman of the California republican party, tells The Associated Press that during his tenure "there had not been enough work done to establish that there was a problem." This is reported without comment or correction.
THE MILITARIZATION OF NEUROSCIENCE
By Hugh Gusterson | 10 April 2007
We've seen this story before: The Pentagon takes an interest in a rapidly changing area of scientific knowledge, and the world is forever changed. And not for the better.
During World War II, the scientific field was atomic physics. Afraid that the Nazis were working on an atomic bomb, the U.S. government mounted its own crash project to get there first. The Manhattan Project was so secret that Congress did not know what it was funding and Vice President Harry S. Truman did not learn about it until FDR's death made him president. In this situation of extreme secrecy, there was almost no ethical or political debate about the Bomb before it was dropped on two cities by a bureaucratic apparatus on autopilot.
Despite J. Robert Oppenheimer's objections, a few Manhattan Project scientists organized a discussion on the implications of the "Gadget" for civilization shortly before the bomb was tested. Another handful issued the Franck Report, advising against dropping the bomb on cities without a prior demonstration and warning of the dangers of an atomic arms race. Neither initiative had any discernible effect. We ended up in a world where the United States had two incinerated cities on its conscience, and its pursuit of nuclear dominance created a world of nuclear overkill and mutually assured destruction.
This time we have a chance to do better. The science in question now is not physics, but neuroscience, and the question is whether we can control its militarization.
According to Jonathan Moreno's fascinating and frightening new book, Mind Wars: Brain Research and National Defense (Dana Press 2006), the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency has been funding research in the following areas:
Mind-machine interfaces ("neural prosthetics") that will enable pilots and soldiers to control high-tech weapons by thought alone.
"Living robots" whose movements could be controlled via brain implants. This technology has already been tested successfully on "roborats" and could lead to animals remotely directed for mine clearance, or even to remotely controlled soldiers.
"Cognitive feedback helmets" that allow remote monitoring of soldiers' mental state.
MRI technologies ("brain fingerprinting") for use in interrogation or airport screening for terrorists. Quite apart from questions about their error rate, such technologies would raise the issue of whether involuntary brain scans violate the Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination.
Pulse weapons or other neurodisruptors that play havoc with enemy soldiers' thought processes.
"Neuroweapons" that use biological agents to excite the release of neurotoxins. (The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention bans the stockpiling of such weapons for offensive purposes, but not "defensive" research into their mechanisms of action.)
New drugs that would enable soldiers to go without sleep for days, to excise traumatic memories, to suppress fear, or to repress psychological inhibitions against killing.
Moreno's book is important since there has been little discussion about the ethical implications of such research, and the science is at an early enough stage that it might yet be redirected in response to public discussion.
If left on autopilot, however, it's not hard to see where all of this will lead. During the Cold War, misplaced fears of a missile gap and a mind control gap excited an overbuilding of nuclear weapons and unethical LSD experiments on involuntary human subjects. Similarly, we can anticipate future fears of a "neuroweapons" gap, and these fears will justify a headlong rush into research (quite likely to involve unethical human experiments) that will only stimulate our enemies to follow suit.
The military and scientific leaders chartering neuroweapons research will argue that the United States is a uniquely noble country that can be trusted with such technologies, while other countries (except for a few allies) cannot. They will also argue that these technologies will save lives and that U.S. ingenuity will enable the United States to dominate other countries in a neuroweapons race. When it is too late to turn back the clock, they will profess amazement that other countries caught up so quickly and that an initiative intended to ensure American dominance instead led to a world where everyone is threatened by chemicalized soldiers and roboterrorists straight out of Blade Runner.
Meanwhile, individual scientists will tell themselves that, if they don't do the research, someone else will. Research funding will be sufficiently dominated by military grant makers that it will cause some scientists to choose between accepting military funding or giving up their chosen field of research. And the very real dual-use potential of these new technologies (the same brain implant can create a robosoldier or rehabilitate a Parkinson's disease sufferer) will allow scientists to tell themselves that they are "really" working on health technologies to improve the human lot, and the funding just happens to come from the Pentagon.
Does it have to be this way? In spite of obvious problems controlling a field of research that is much less capital-intensive and susceptible to international verification regimes than nuclear weapons research, it is possible that a sustained international conversation between neuroscientists, ethicists, and security specialists could avert the dystopian future sketched out above.
Unfortunately, however, Moreno (p.163) quotes Michael Moodie, a former director of the Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute, as saying,
"The attitudes of those working in the life sciences contrast sharply with the nuclear community. Physicists since the beginning of the nuclear age, including Albert Einstein, understood the dangers of atomic power, and the need to participate actively in managing these risks. The life sciences sectors lag in this regard. Many neglect thinking about the potential risks of their work."
Time to start talking!
Republican warhorseC. Boyden Gray and former Clinton Chief of Staff John ... HIV/AIDS or cancer research, National Institutes of Health money for TB ...
BOYDEN GRAY DEADLY PROPAGANDA AGAIN!
READ THE BELOW ARTICLE THIS IS A BOYDEN GRAY DISGUISED WARNING, RECRUITMENT FOR DEFRAUD RESEARCH, SELL YOUR SOUL FOR MONEY, AND ADVANCE HIS PSYCHOTIC CAN YOU PROVE IT, WHILE I KILL, DEADLY, WELL FINANCED OPERATIONS!!
Bioterror Brain Drain
Infectious-disease specialists are following the big bucks to Washington's new multibillion-dollar program on bioterrorism research -- but at what human cost?
(This article first appeared October 2003 in The American Prospect Magazine)
DR. MARCUS HORWITZ, PROFESSOR OF MEDICINE AT THE University of California, Los Angeles, has devoted most of his career to finding a vaccine for tuberculosis. Though the age-old killer is well controlled in the industrialized world, TB kills more than 2 million people each year among the global poor.
It's not a sexy field: Compared with funding for heart-disease, HIV/AIDS or cancer research, National Institutes of Health money for TB research is a minor blip. Applied research into potential TB cures and vaccines is not a priority for the agency, or for drug companies, which see no profitable market among the poor. Still, after 15 years of research funded mainly by the NIH, Horwitz's lab has finally come up with what could be the first improvement in TB vaccination technology in nearly a century. His vaccine is being tested among a small group of patients, and a nonprofit drug development organization funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is committed to sponsoring the full-blown efficacy trials if his early experiment proves successful.
So why, on the cusp of real progress, is Horwitz's lab phasing out its basic science research on TB in favor of studying tularemia, the bacterium spread by ticks and rodents that causes rabbit fever? Because tularemia is on the government's A-list of potential bioterrorism agents, put there because the United States and the former Soviet Union stockpiled it as a biological warfare agent during the Cold War. Today, Washington is throwing plenty of money at basic research of the pathogen even though it affects only a few hundred Americans a year, is relatively rare around the world and is easily treatable with common antibiotics.
Even if it did fall into the hands of terrorists, the threat would hardly be grave: The disease is difficult to weaponize and, when treated, is fatal in fewer than 2 percent of cases. "Scientists call it money transferase," says Horwitz. In his case, the $ 200,000 he's received annually to study one of the globe's most virulent killers, TB, will now mainly go to study a disease whose significance is primarily symbolic in the war on terrorism.
It's a scenario that's being played out across the country. Since the 2001 attacks, Congress has poured billions into bioterrorism research aimed at developing vaccines and drugs to combat the most likely threat agents. Indeed, the amount of money being directed at bioterrorism defense will soon make it the second-largest (after cancer) results-oriented medical-research program of the post -- Cold War era. And that has led the tiny fraternity of research scientists who've devoted their lives to studying infectious disease to expand or alter their research priorities in order to tap into the huge pot of money the government has set aside for bioterrorism research. Dr. Richard Guerrant, director of the Center for Global Health at the University of Virginia, for example, has tailored a few of his grants to win biodefense funding. "[You] adopt what you do to attract the resources that are necessary," he said, adding that several of his colleagues at the center have shifted their "whole approach to tularemia and anthrax because of the availability of funding."
The drive to protect the nation against potential bioterrorism agents is having a major impact on the entire medical-research establishment. Direct spending on bioterrorism research and development by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (the lead NIH agency in bioterrorism defense research) and the Department of Defense soared from an annual $ 250 million pre -- anthrax attacks to well over $ 2 billion this year, turning it almost overnight into a larger program than HIV/AIDS was in its heyday. By comparison, the NIH last year spent less than $ 200 million on tuberculosis and malaria combined. Meanwhile, the rest of the nation's medical-research budget is facing its first restrictive environment in decades. The NIH's overall research budget will rise only at the rate of inflation next year -- far below the double-digit increases of the Clinton years. The belt-tightening prompted virtually every medical school and patient-advocacy group in the country to sign full-page ads in The Washington Post last summer protesting the situation.
Meanwhile, Congress upped the ante this summer by quietly approving President George W. Bush's Project BioShield, a $ 5.6 billion fund to purchase the fruits of biodefense research. The bill gives the administration the power to negotiate a fair market price for the new drugs and vaccines once the Department of Health and Human Services secretary has determined that there's no commercial market. The price will presumably be based on what the drug companies invested in order to come up with the as-yet-undiscovered therapeutics, plus the industry's standard rate of return -- which, as Fortune magazine points out every year, ranks No. 1 among U.S. industries.
The idea behind BioShield is to entice for-profit pharmaceutical and biotech firms to invest in anti-terrorism therapeutics, as they've made it plain that they won't ride to the nation's rescue unless they're lured with a guaranteed payoff. Eli Lilly head Sidney Taurel, who recently drew fire from liberals on Capitol Hill for pushing for drug-industry liability exemptions from his perch atop the Homeland Security Advisory Council, indecorously encapsulated the industry's attitude in his public testimony last year. "Government is not going to get new miracle drugs for cost plus 10 percent," he said. Unlike run-of-the-mill defense contractors, the very profitable drug companies appear to have better uses for their capital.
Even with this pot of gold at the end of the research-and-development rainbow, the path to a payoff will be long and tortuous. The biggest problem is scientific.
Finding antidotes to infectious disease isn't easy. It will take years, in some cases decades, to develop new or more effective vaccines and drugs to combat anthrax, botulism, smallpox, tularemia and the other pathogens on the government's list of agents likely to be weaponized by nations or groups hoping to wreak havoc on the United States.
No wonder major pharmaceutical companies are reluctant to dive in. Why invest in risky biodefense products when there are more lucrative heartburn-, allergy-and pain-relief markets to pursue?
Republicans in Congress seemed to recognize the flaw in relying on the market to protect the public against bioterrorism. During the bill's markup last June, they slipped in an amendment allowing the government to manufacture the drugs and vaccines directly if procuring them from private contractors proves too costly.
Another problem is that even if these drugs were developed quickly, the effectiveness of the new therapeutics would remain in doubt. Most anti-bioterrorism drugs would never get the extensive clinical trial testing usually demanded by the Food and Drug Administration because there is no naturally occurring patient population on which to test them. Special exemptions have been built into the laws that allow vaccines to gain approval with only limited safety testing.
If the public's reluctance to line up for the smallpox vaccine is any guide, new biodefense vaccines would simply be put on the shelf for the day when a coordinated and large-scale bioterrorist attack makes the public receptive to mass inoculation.
For many anti-bioterrorism agents, their first use would also be their first clinical trial. Furthermore, a lot of the basic research money pouring into biodefense would be wasted on poor quality research. It's an inevitable outcome of the NIH peer-review process. Those familiar with the process say the closed-door panels divide applications into three piles: those that will get funded, those that will get funded if there's enough money and those in the "no way" pile. The sudden influx of funding inevitably means "you're reaching applications with less scientific merit," says Richard Ebright, who directs the chemistry lab at the Waksman Institute of Microbiology at Rutgers University.
"There will be an enormous increase of people moving into bioterrorism, particularly people who have difficulty getting their grants funded." A similar process is under way in the private sector. Small biotechnology companies running out of venture capital are abandoning other projects to apply to the NIH for the small-business components of the anti-bioterrorism program.
Most disappointing of all, the majority of the applied research supported by the government -- the actual development of candidate drugs and vaccines for potential bioterrorism agents -- would have little effect on the diseases that pose the gravest threat to humankind. Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and a leading figure in the nation's biodefense effort, claims there will be many "spin-offs" from beefing up bioterrorism defense research. He argues on the agency's Web site that "NIAID research on organisms with bioterror potential will almost certainly lead to an enhanced understanding of other more common and naturally occurring infectious diseases that afflict people here and abroad," like TB and malaria. But enhanced understanding is not a cure. Vaccine research is almost always pathogen specific, as are most new drugs to combat viral diseases. And the number of people worldwide who suffer from smallpox, botulism, Ebola or anthrax in the absence of deliberate poisonings wouldn't fill up the tuberculosis ward in a small African city. "It's distracting from global health," said Dr. Carol Nacy, founder of the Sequella Global Tuberculosis Foundation (which will fund Horwitz's large-scale TB trial) and now head of a small biotech firm researching TB drugs. "We'll learn some things [from bioterrorism research] that are relevant, but not much."
So far, she seems to be right. Far from pursuing spinoff, many scientists are shifting their priorities to follow the money. Johnny Peterson, a professor of microbiology and immunology at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, has been studying cholera since his graduate-student days in the late 1960s. Periodic outbreaks of dehydrating diarrhoeal diseases like cholera and dysentery kill an estimated 2 million children around the world every year because their bodies are so severely weakened by a lack of fluids and undernourishment, according to the Population Resource Center. (While those numbers aren't relatively large, cholera is a serious problem because children who survive it almost always suffer long-term damage.) Peterson has spent decades looking for compounds that block the bacterium's toxin, which leads to diarrhea, dehydration and death, and he's come up with at least one.
But last year he saw that the compound might also block the related anthrax toxin, so he applied for a grant to study that. "We're trying to make hay when the sun is out," Peterson said. While he's hiring more scientists and will continue studying the basic science of cholera, his plans to seek a grant to apply his work to potential cholera therapeutics have been put on hold. "Perhaps we can pursue it in the future," he said.
There will be some positive spinoffs from increased biodefense spending, to be sure. Money hopefully will get channeled into rebuilding the nation's network of public-health clinics, which were created to cope with the epidemics that ravaged America's cities over a century ago. The recent SARS outbreak reminded everyone of the importance of having an infrastructure able to rapidly diagnose and understand newly emerging diseases.
There will also be a major hunt for new "broad spectrum" antibiotics -- drugs that are effective against a range of bacterial diseases including those that actually infect large numbers of people. There will be new research tools developed that can be deployed in the hunt for cures or vaccines for any infectious disease. This is especially important in an era when older antibiotics are rapidly becoming ineffective due to resistance brought on by over-prescription, improper use and the inevitable mutations of wily microbes.
THIS IS TOTAL BOYDEN GRAY PSYCHOTIC PROPAGANDA!
But who will own these new antibiotics? And who will test them against diseases like multidrug resistant TB, a growing global threat? Unlike their use as anti-bioterrorism agents, these new drugs will have to be tested against each specific disease before regulators here or abroad allow them into widespread use.
And the basic economics of who conducts such tests will not be changed by BioShield's purchasing of biodefense research: Only testing for use against potential terrorism agents will be funded; research into secondary uses will not. For their part, the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries have not invested in developing drugs for the major infectious disease killers for the same reasons they under invest in rare diseases in the United States: there's no market.
For diseases like malaria, leishmaniasis and cholera, the market's absence isn't defined by the small number of patients but by the fact that the millions of patients have no money. Testing a new antibiotic that is effective against anthrax to see if it is also effective against tuberculosis will require that it be tested against tuberculosis. And that will require money that no drug company wants to spend. It would be a terrible denouement for the spinoff promise if the new and untested anti-terrorism drugs get stockpiled in military warehouses while scientists who want to test them on sick populations can't because they don't have the rights or the money to conduct the tests.
One way to get around this problem would be for the government to earmark a good portion of the $ 2 billion -- plus for anti -- bioterrorism research -- say, one-quarter of it -- for targeted research and development toward new therapeutics to combat the great neglected diseases that kill millions each year. This will not detract from the war on bioterrorism; it will enhance it. How? Spinoff works in both directions. A new antibiotic that cures multidrug resistant TB may be just what we need for the day when a mad scientist-terrorist figures out a way to aerosolize tularemia over one of our cities.
And unlike some new antibiotic developed with that remote bioterrorism threat in mind, the new antibiotic will have been tested in large clinical trials, so its side effects will be well characterized. And it's not only good science, it's good politics. As one scientist put it, by joining the fight against the infectious diseases ravaging the developing world, the United States can help drain the swamp that breeds terrorists. "[It] is a very clear way to address ideologically the threat of bioterrorism," said Guerrant of the Center for Global Health.
"If we can do something about diarrhea or malaria, that will affect my children's future security better than anything else we can do."
Posted by gooznews at 08:20 PM
THIS IS A MOST PSYCHOTIC BOYDEN GRAY THREAT AND MUST BE DISMANTLED! THIS IS A FORM OF RETARDED PROPAGANDA THAT CAN KILL!
BOYDEN GRAY CANCER SEARCH ENGINE RESULTS
& HIS TARGET LIST
•"C. Boyden Gray" CANCER
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PLEASE NOTE BOYDEN GRAY SPECIALIZES IN THIRD PARTY KILLINGS, HE IS OBSESSED WITH DEFRAUD INOCULATIONS, INFESTATIONS, KILLINGS AND UNAUTHORIZED USURPED AND OR NON EXISTENT AUTHORITY PHENOMENA. THAT ADVANCES KILLING UNDER THE DISGUISE OF A THIRD PARTY TITLED PLAUSIBLE DENIABILITY. HIS FATHER GORDON GRAY TAUGHT HIM THIS. SEE THE CURSE SECTION IN MY WEB SITE: http://endorganizedcrimeuniverse.com/
BOYDEN GRAY KILLED THE HEMPSTEAD PUBLIC SCHOOLS UNION ATTORNEY, HE HELPED ME GET A SETTLEMENT FOR THE TORTURE THAT WAS ORDERED IN THE SCHOOL. HE WAS MIRACULOUSLY AND TIMELY KILLED UNDER BOYDEN GRAY’S BELOW KNOWN PHENOMENON. THE UNION PRESIDENT, HE TOO, BECAME INFECTED WITH BOYDEN GRAY’S TIMELY CANCER DURING MY LAW SUIT AND WHILE HELPING ME GET A SETTLEMENT. MY MOTHER TOO WAS MALICIOUSLY AND VINDICTIVELY INFECTED WITH CANCER RIGHT AFTER I SUBMITTED PAPERS TO THE COURT IN THE HEMPSTEAD MATTER.
PLEASE NOTE WHEN I DISCOVERED THIS CRIME RING HEADED BY BOYDEN GRAY AND THE ROCHESTER PUBLIC SCHOOLS DEFRAUD UNION PRESIDENT ADAM URBANSKI, I CONTACTED SAUNDRA FELDMAN, THE FORMER PRESIDENT OF THE AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TEACHERS. ADAM URBANSKI WAS WORKING UNDER HER. I KNEW HE WOULD HAVE HER KILLED IN A SIMILAR MANNER TO WHAT HE/THEY TRIED TO DO TO ME, KILL ME UNDER THE DISGUISED OF INDUCED HOSPITAL ADMINISTRATION. I CONTACTED HER 2 YEARS BEFORE SHE WAS KILLED AS I STATED VIA A DEADLY PATHOGEN AND HOSPITAL ADMINISTRATION. I WROTE ASHCROFT AND HER. NO ONE LISTENED TO MY WARNING AND NOW SHE IS DEAD,KILLED JUST AS I CITED AND I AM NOT A PSYCHIC!
BOYDEN GRAY CANCER SEARCH ENGINE RESULTS
& HIS TARGET LIST PG 2
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implants.clic.net/tony/Corner/M/870.htm - 32k - Similar pages
Legal groups putting God on the docket -- chicagotribune.com
The group, which also included former White House counsel C. Boyden Gray, .... No bones about it: Study firmly links obesity, cancer • Workers arrested at ...
www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/nearwest/chi-c... - 252k - Similar pages
•Think Progress » Think Progress
... CBS News’s Bill Plante, and former George H.W. Bush aide C. Boyden Gray, ... While the rate for men with prostate canceris slightly higher in the ...
thinkprogress.org/author/think-progress/ - 185k - Similar pages
Republican warhorse C. Boyden Gray and former Clinton Chief of Staff John ... HIV/AIDS or cancer research, National Institutes of Health money for TB ...
www.gooznews.com/archives/2003_10.html - 26k - Similar pages
•Center for Minority Health
C. Boyden Gray Associate Professor of Health Policy and Law ..... Location: LIVE at Hillman Cancer Center, Herberman Conference Center OR Videoconferenced ...
www.cmh.pitt.edu/events_cce.asp - 49k - Similar pages
•Organized Crime Ring - Killer Koch's Citizens for a Sound Ec...
C. Boyden Gray, CSE Co-Chairman Gray is a partner at the Washington, ... American Cancer Society. He and his wife, Ruth, owned and operated Ballard Services ...
http://www.ecosyn.us/adti/CSE_Organized_Crime.html - 67k - Similar pages
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BOYDEN GRAY CANCER SEARCH ENGINE RESULTS
& HIS HIT LIST
•E N D O R G A N I Z E D H A T E C R I M E S !!! WELCOME! htt...
HIS SON IS BOYDEN GRAY. HE IS THE FORMER LEGAL ADVISOR OF PRESIDENT BUSH AND ..... TO KILL UNDER THE PHENOMENA OF INDUCED CANCER, GANG STALKING DOCTORS, ...
endorganizedcrimeuniverse.com/page1.html - 68k - Similar pages
•AAPD - News
... campaigns: liberal Ralph Neas and conservative C. Boyden Gray..... Feinstein's staff in the state, using the breast-cancer case as Exhibit A. Along ...
www.aapd.com/News/judicial/wsjstory.html - 20k - Similar pages
Michelle Mello, JD, PhD, C. Boyden Gray Associate Professor of Health Policy and Law, Harvard School of Public Health Joan W. Miller, MD, Henry Willard ...
www.hms.harvard.edu/fa/leadership/index.htm - 12k - Similar pages
•Truth About Trade & Technology - Europe and US set to strike...
That's something that needs to be watched," said C. Boyden Gray, the US ambassador to the EU. ... 10/24/2007: Plants work as assembly lines to fight cancer ...
www.truthabouttrade.org/article.asp?id=8444 - 21k - Similar pages
•Food on agenda for US-EU trade talks
"We need to make sure we work together to compete better with Asia," C Boyden Gray, the US ambassador to the EU said in a press conference ahead of the ...
www.nutraingredients-usa.com/news/ng.asp?n=81255... - 52k - Similar pages
•GMF U.S. Ambassador to the EU tackles global warming and e...
... C. Boyden Gray, for a lunch discussion on biofuels and aromatics. ... to be "bad actors" due to their carbon-intensive and cancer-producing agents. ...18.104.22.168/event/detail.cfm?parent_type=E&id=... - 44k - Similar pages
•Steven J. Milloy
C Boyden Gray, an outspoken critic of the EPA's standards and a lobbyist for ... International Agency for Research on Cancer's second-hand smoke study. ...
www.physics.odu.edu/~weinstei/srhr/links/milloy-... - 36k - Similar pages
•Michelle Mello | HarvardScience
Michelle Mello. C. Boyden Gray Associate Professor of Health Policy and Law. Michelle Mello's Official Homepage ». Michelle Mello in the news ... harvardscience.harvard.edu/node/1940 - 17k - Similar pages
•EPA Administrator Reilly Hails Signing of New Clean Air Act ...
... and health problems will be reduced significantly, including cancer risk, ... key participants included Boyden Gray, legal counsel to the President; ...
www.epa.gov/history/topics/caa90/02.htm - 20k - Similar pages
•Democratic Underground - Rhoads INJECTED Puerto Ricans with ...
Rhode infected Puerto Ricans -- human beings -- with cancer cells. ... The Sterilization League of America and Boyden Gray's grandfather, seemslikeadream ...
•U.S. PIRG Consumer Blog: US against Euro chemical safety pro...
... group by C. Boyden Gray, the new U.S. Ambassador to the European Union. ... could prevent between 2200 to 4300 cases of occupational cancer each year, ...
www.uspirg.org/html/consumer/archives/2006/06/ne... - 21k - Similar pages
Michelle Mello, JD, PhD, C. Boyden Gray Associate Professor of Health Policy and Law ... and Susan Smith Professor of Medicine, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute ...
www.hms.harvard.edu/fa/leadership2008/outline.ht... - 16k - Similar pages
•Citizen Works - - -
"Businesspeople are very enthused," said C. Boyden Gray, White House .... that six public interest groupsincluding the American Cancer Society and the ...
www.citizenworks.org/news/index.php?id=192 - 34k - Similar pages
•For a High Court Nomination, Business Has Its Own Agenda - W...
online.wsj.com/article/0,,SB111990996328270852-email,00.ht... - Similar pages
•Chronic Oxaliplatin Resistance Induces Epithelial-to-Mesench...
Migration and invasion were assessed by modified Boyden chamber assays. ..... the Lockton Fund for Pancreatic Cancer Research (M.J. Gray and L.M. Ellis). ...
clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/cgi/content/full/12/14/4147 - Similar pages
•The Jefferson Letter
Since then local residents have had abnormally high incidents of cancer, ..... The Automobile Manufactures Association, had C. Boyden Gray file a friend of ...
www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/2807/Jefferson.htm... - 53k - Similar pages
Condensed from AOMB vs. the Agencies: The Future of Cancer Risk Assessment,@ ..... Graham, C. Boyden Gray, Jeff Holmstead, Ron Levin, Lars Noah, ...
www.prgs.edu/documents/GrahamCV.pdf - Similar pages
•The Next Hurrah: Bush Nominee's Father Led Last Filibuster o...
The argument that Hatch makes, first articulated by former White House Counsel C. Boyden Gray, is essentially that there was no real filibuster against ...
thenexthurrah.typepad.com/the_next_hurrah/2005/0... - 52k - Similar pages
•Harvard Center for Risk Analysis and Big Tobacco - SourceWat...
She provided the details of several ongoing studies of ETS and cancer risks, ... and the other [was] with [C.]Boyden Gray, President Bush’s General Council. ...
www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Harvard_Cent... - 29k - Similar pages
SOUNDS LIKE A BOYDEN GRAY SATANIC RITUAL SET UP JUST FOR JUDGES!
•The Edward Coke Appellate Inn of Court
... The Honorable Sarah Wilson, C. Boyden Gray, and Eleanor D. Acheson. ... the "sex or cancer" approach to brief writing,and the frequent lack of simple ...
www.appellatepractice.org/Pastmeetings.html - 18k - Similar pages
ScienceDirect - Cancer Letters : Estradiol-induced ezrin ... Estradiol-induced ezrinoverexpression in ovarian cancer: a new signaling domain for estrogen ..... The gray rounded dots are the pores of the Boyden disk. ...
linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S030438350400374X - Similar pages
SEE OTHER BOYDEN GRAY UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER KILLER PROJECTS:
Center for Minority Health Sponsored by the University of Pittsburgh Center for Bioethics and Health Law and the School of Law Michelle M. Mello, JD, PhD C. Boyden Gray Associate ...
BOYDEN GRAY UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER MEDICAL KILLINGS AND OTHER DEFRAUD PROJECTS.
NO HIDDEN TARGETING. UNCONVENTIONAL PROPAGANDA AS BOYDEN GRAY ENVIOUSLY DESIGNS AND IMPLEMENTS MODELS TO HARMONIZE PEOPLE BASED ON HIS PSYCHOTIC GENERATIONAL BROTHERLY CURSE OF EFFECTIVE DEFRAUD KILLINGS VIA DEFRAUD MASTERMINDED INFECTIOUS DISEASE INOCULATION PREPARATION AND THE MANIFESTATION OF THE PREPARATION.
THE BELOW PROGRAM GOES WITH HIS ABOVE DEFRAUD INJECTION PROGRAMS FOR THE CHILDREN. THE CHILDREN ARE TARGETED FROM THE BELOW INDUCED BOYDEN GRAY LED LETHAL DEADLY INJECTION PROGRAMS BECAUSE BOYDEN GRAY IS INSANE!
Web Results 1 - 10 of about 725 for
BOYDEN GRAY DEFRAUD INOCULATIONS AND INDUCED HERPES.
BOYDEN'S Prediction: Not Enough Oncologists by 2020 for herpes simplex virus received pro-. phylactic acyclovir for 30 days. Aero- ... PhD, the C. Boyden Gray Associate. Professor of Health Policy and Law at ...
www.oncology-times.com/pt/pt-core/template-journal/oncotimes/media/Bankhead-HomeCareSCT-OT-April102007.pdf - Similar pages
Scottish Ancestry Electronic Musician. 28-Dec-1965, King of Jungle. C. Boyden Gray ... 18-Apr-1905, 27-Feb-1998, Developed medicines for leukemia, herpes, arthritis ...
www.nndb.com/ancestry/223/000044091/ - 61k - Cached - Similar pages
DEPRESSION OF HUMAN MONOCYTE CHEMOTAXIS BY HERPES SIMPLEX AND ... gradient and quantitated the chemotactic responsiveness in modified Boyden. chambers. The MNL were exposed to herpes simplex (7 plaque-forming units/ ...
www.jimmunol.org/cgi/reprint/113/5/1562.pdf - Similar pages
People For the American Way - November 2005 Right-wing pundit Robert Novak bemoans what he deems as the “groveling” that C. Boyden Gray had to do to get Sen. Dick Durbin (D-Illinois) to lift the hold ...
www.pfaw.org/pfaw/general/default.aspx?oid=19915 - 206k - Cached - Similar pages
202310NewsIndex Boyden Gray, former Attorney General Edwin Meese III of the Heritage Foundation and Leonard Leo, the executive vice president of the Federalist Society and ...
www.mdfva.org/2005%20News/Washtimes050717_050723.html - 186k - Cached - Similar pages
American Politics Journal -- Pundit Pap Boyden Gray denied having warned Andy Card against nominating Gonzales in a meeting he had with the White House on behalf of a right-wing judicial extremist ...
www.americanpolitics.com/20050703punditpap.html - 38k - Cached - Similar pages
The Jawa Report: January 2007 Archives He cited an article by C. Boyden Gray in the Texas Review of Law and ...... a mutate combining the worst parts of the herpes, hanta and ebola viruses. ...
mypetjawa.mu.nu/archives/2007_01.php - 977k - Cached - Similar pages
SOUNDS LIKE BOYDEN GRAY HAS ROASTED PENELOPE'S
(HIS PIG, SEE WIKIPEDIA BOYDEN GRAY)
VIRUSES TO CAUSE A UNIVERSAL DISASTER LIKE HE DID IN AFRICA!
[PDF] CONTINUED File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
Or, better yet, write to C. Boyden Gray and ...... has herpes. AQUARIUS:. Check your nipples for. anything unusual. Some pet troubles ...
smartech.gatech.edu/bitstream/1853/14356/1/1989vol1issue1ocrCompressed.pdf - Similar pages
Magazine publishing news and reviews.: Home of the funny and ... ... lauren cysts on my vagina cantantes herpes m joe ed black Funnypage.com honda ... valley shopping center florissant mo carol gray social stories marilyn ...
qchurmresn.blogspot.com/2007/09/home-of-funny-and-useful-products.html - 250k - Cached - Similar pages
chemtrails by like-minded people - Boyden Gray (his legal advisor) and William Draper ..... DNA viruses like Epstein Barr and the Herpes #6 change cellular structure. ...
BOYDEN GRAY ABOVE INDUCED HERPES PROJECTS AND PREDICTIONS
BOYDEN GRAY PSYCHOTIC DEADLY PATHOGEN INFESTATIONS, INDUCEMENTS, AND INFILTRATIONS.
Web Results 1 - 10 of about 8,050 for BOYDEN GRAY AIDS. (0.11 seconds)
LPH Faculty - Law and Public Health Program - Michelle Mello - C ... C. Boyden Gray Associate Professor of Health Policy and Law ... of state laws concerning privacy and confidentiality and various AIDS prevention efforts. ...
www.hsph.harvard.edu/faculty/michelle-mello/law-and-public-health-program/lph-faculty/index.html - 23k - Cached - Similar pages
Courses Taught - Michelle Mello - C. Boyden Gray Associate ... Courses Taught - Michelle Mello - C. Boyden Gray Associate Professor of Health ... including the control and prevention of HIV/AIDS and other communicable ...
www.hsph.harvard.edu/faculty/michelle-mello/courses-taught/ - 17k - Cached - Similar pages
USEU : About the Ambassador Good Governance & Corruption Food Aid, Famine & Nutrition Refugees, Migration, ... U.S. Ambassador to the EU C. Boyden Gray. Photo: Gery Jacobs ...
useu.usmission.gov/About_The_Ambassador/default.asp - 31k - Cached - Similar pages
Former White House counsel C. Boyden Gray, on Hardball National ... Former White House counsel C. Boyden Gray, on Hardball from National Review in Array provided free by LookSmart Find Articles.
findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1282/is_22_56/ai_n13661967 - 25k - Cached - Similar pages
"C. Boyden Gray" on Find Articles Find Articles results for "C. Boyden Gray" ... C. Boyden Gray, U.S. ambassador to the EU, talked yesteday with Bloomberg's Francine Lacqua from Berlin about ...
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Bush book: Chapter -3- Mr. (Clayland) Boyden Gray has been counsel to George Bush since the 1980 election. As chief legal officer in the White House, Boyden Gray can walk the ...
www.tarpley.net/bush3.htm - 52k - Cached - Similar pages
mhp: Gray, C. Boyden Gray, C. Boyden: Timeline, relationships, references. ... The Modern History Project. Featured article: "Why the UN AIDS Program Never Seems to Work" ...
www.modernhistoryproject.org/mhp/EntityDisplay.php?Entity=GrayCB - 8k - Cached - Similar pages
Ask the Ambassador U.S. Ambassador to the European Union, C. Boyden Gray, discussed the "U.S.-E.U. High-Level Dialogue on Climate Change, Clean Energy, and Sustainable ...
www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/ask/77483.htm - 37k - Cached - Similar pages
Presidents and Presidency (US) - News - Times Topics - The New ... In an unduly casual memo, White House Counsel Boyden Gray has told members of ... ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS), ARCHIVES AND RECORDS, ...
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Bryan Gray Charlene Gray: ZoomInfo Business People Information C. Boyden Gray, ... , Wine & Spirits Wholesalers of America .... Gray, Carla, AIDS Arms , Inc. Carla Gray, a ... with AIDS Arms, became involved with HIV ...
www.zoominfo.com/people/level2page15213.aspx - 114k - Cached - Similar pages
•Neuropsychopharmacology - Brain Neuroplasticity in Healthy ....
Neuroplasticity: changes in grey matter induced by training. .... age at injury, and presence of seizure disorder on functional ear and hand asymmetries in ...
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•Circuit-breakers: optical technologies for probing...
In vivo light-induced activation of neural circuitry in transgenic mice ... Han, X. & Boyden, E. S. Multiple-color optical activation, silencing and ...
www.nature.com/nrn/journal/v8/n8/full/nrn2192.html - Similar pages
•Cnr1 - cannabinoid receptor 1 (brain)
Periaqueductal grey CB1 cannabinoid and metabotropic glutamate subtype 5 ..... Using aBoyden chamber assay, we show that agonist stimulation of the CB(1) ...
www.ihop-net.org/UniPub/iHOP/bng/321348.html - 154k - Similar pages
•[PDF]Pathological Prion Protein Exposure Switches on ...
of 5 l of hgtsc (gray) or hgtsc (black) for 24 h at 37 °C. N11 microglial. cells were plated in the top insert of the Boyden chamber and allowed ...
www.jbc.org/cgi/reprint/280/2/1529.pdf - Similar pages
•Jill Stanek - The Courts archives
IfJohn Roberts really is having stress-induced seizures that lead him to lose ...... C. Boyden Gray, cited his "unquestioned integrity and fair-mindedness. ...
www.jillstanek.com/archives/the_courts/ - 316k - Similar pages
Jeffrey Goldberg Articles The New York Times Next Targ...
C. Boyden Gray, the former Bush White House counsel who is now the chairman ..... he says, referring to the F.D.A.’s 1991 seizure of thousands of gallons of ...
www.jeffreygoldberg.net/articles/nyt/next_target... - 49k - Similar pages
•Next Target: Nicotine - New York Times
C. Boyden Gray, the former Bush White House counsel who is now the chairman ..... he says, referring to the F.D.A.'s 1991 seizure of thousands of gallons of ...
query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=950DEED9... - 51k - Similar pages
•[PDF]CEREBRO-CEREBELLAR RELATIONS IN THE AWAKE CAT1
Induced. neocerebellar. seizures in awake and unrestrained. animals. had only a moderate ... Boyden. for his painstaking. work. on the illustrations, ...
jn.physiology.org/cgi/reprint/21/1/1.pdf - Similar pages
•Promotion of Malignant Astrocytoma Cell Migration by Osteopo...
Migration assays were performed in two-well Boyden-type chambers as ... autopsy as well asbrain biopsies from patients with seizures and mesial sclerosis. ...
Karpova, A.Y., Tervo, D.G., Gray, N.W. & Svoboda, K. ... Han, X. & Boyden, E. S. Multiple-color optical activation,. silencing and desynchronization of ...
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THE DEADLY PUERTO RICAN CANCER EXPERIMENT
In 1931, Cornelius Rhoads, a North American pathologist at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Investigations in San Juan, carried out a murderous "experiment" in which 13 Puerto Ricans died after being purposely infected with cancer. In a letter to another doctor, leaked to the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party, Rhoads wrote: "the Porto Ricans are beyond doubt the dirtiest, laziest, most degenerate and thievish race of men ever inhabiting this sphere.
It makes you sick to inhabit the same island with them. What the island needs is not public health work, but a tidal wave or something to totally exterminate the population. It might then be liveable. I have done my best to further the process of extermination by killing off eight and transplanting cancer into several more. The latter has not resulted in any fatalities so far.... The matter of consideration for the patients' welfare plays no role here - in fact, all physicians take delight in the abuse and torture of the unfortunate subjects".
When the case was brought to the press by Don Pedro Albizu Campos (the Nationalist Party President), the North American Governor of Puerto Rico had a prosecutor investigate the charge. Rhoads never denied writing the letter, but despite evidence proving that 13 patients had died, eight of whom were treated by Rhoads, the prosecutor exonerated Rhoads, calling him merely "a mentally ill person or a man with few scruples."
However, this "mentally ill person" went on to direct the establishment of US Army chemical warfare laboratories in Maryland, Utah, and the Panama Canal Zone, for which he was awarded the Legion of Merit in 1945. That same year, Rhoads was appointed to the staff of the US Atomic Energy Commission. The Commission was at that time carrying out radiation experiments on unwitting prisoners, hospital patients and soldiers.
Meanwhile, a 1950 Puerto Rican Nationalist insurrection led to the arrest of hundreds of activists, including Don Pedro Albizu. The prisoners later charged they were experimented on with drugs. According to Nationalist Party leaders, Rhoads was finally getting his revenge for Albizu's earlier murder charge. Albizu was denounced by US and local colonial officials as a lunatic, but doctors eventually supported his charges. His health steadily deteriorated, and he died shortly after his release from prison in 1965. Subsequent documents have supported both his original murder charges and his allegations of radiation poisoning.
Gee. Cancer cell injections. That's what Jack Ruby said did him in.
Bet old Rockefeller liked Rhoads. So must've the Harrimans, etc. Bushes too. Wonder if Vannevar Bush did?